Presentation on theme: "Lesson 1 No Taxation Without Representation. Explain the Proclamation of 1763. Analyze why Britain began to enact harsher trade laws and taxes. "— Presentation transcript:
Lesson 1 No Taxation Without Representation
Explain the Proclamation of Analyze why Britain began to enact harsher trade laws and taxes. Understand cause and effect relationships as they relate to reaction of the colonists. Indentify those individuals and groups that began to rebel against British policy.
Revenue – incoming money from taxes or other sources Writ of assistance – court document allowing customs officers to enter any location to search for smuggled goods Resolution – an official expression of opinion by a group Effigy – a mocking figure representing an unpopular individual Boycott – to refuse to buy items in order to show disapproval or force acceptance of one’s terms Repeal – to cancel an act or law
King George III issued the Proclamation of 1763 It prohibited colonists from living west of the Appalachian Mountains, on native American land Kept peace between colonists and Native Americans Britain now controlled the fur trade in North America King George III sent 10,000 troops to the colonies to enforce the Proclamation of 1763
The king and Parliament felt the colonists should pay for part of the French and Indian War Britain began issuing new taxes on the colonies To avoid paying the taxes, colonists began smuggling which led to British revenues to fall
Lowered the tax on molasses the colonists imported hoping they would stop smuggling Also allowed officers to seize goods from accused smugglers without going to court Angered colonists; felt it violated their rights Under British rule they had a right to a trial by jury and were considered innocent until proven guilty "Smugglin' Sugar“ "Smugglin' Sugar“
Taxed almost all printed materials Newspapers, wills, and even playing cards needed a stamp to show that the tax had been paid Colonists were outraged; began to boycott British goods British lost so much money and colonists demanded they repeal the Stamp Act
The Stamp Act taught the British the colonists would resist paying Britain internal taxes Townshend Acts taxed imported goods such as glass, tea, and paper The tax was paid before it was brought into the colonies Any tax angered the colonists; more protests continued
1. Explain the Proclamation of How are the Stamp Act and Sugar Act similar? How are they different? 3. Why do you think Samuel Adams and others formed the “Sons of Liberty” instead of just acting alone to express their anger at the British policies? 4. How was the Townshend Act different from the Stamp Act and Sugar Act?
Which changes in British policy would have angered you the most if you had lived in the colonies at that time?