Presentation on theme: "Ch.6, Sec.1 – Tighter British Control The Colonies & Britain Grow Apart The Colonies & Britain Grow Apart - the colonists had helped the British win the."— Presentation transcript:
Ch.6, Sec.1 – Tighter British Control The Colonies & Britain Grow Apart The Colonies & Britain Grow Apart - the colonists had helped the British win the French & Indian War, so they were very upset when England passed the Proclamation of 1763, denying them access to the fertile Ohio River Valley to prevent another “Pontiac Rebellion” - the colonists were used to England’s salutary neglect policy, so this was not a change they welcomed!
Ch.6, Sec.1 – Tighter British Control British Troops & Taxes British Troops & Taxes - by 1765, King George III wanted to keep the peace with the Native Americans, so he enforced the Quartering Act - colonists were forced to house 10,000 British soldiers and provide them with supplies! - most of the soldiers were placed in the colony of New York
Ch.6, Sec.1 – Tighter British Control - because England was in debt after the French & Indian War, they were forced to increase their revenue - they did this by charging the colonists for their frontier defense, colonial government, and involvement in the French & Indian War!!! - England started taxing the colonists directly
Ch.6, Sec.1 – Tighter British Control - in 1764, England passed the Sugar Act, which placed a tax on sugar & molasses - colonial merchants traded these goods, so they reacted angrily at being taxed - colonists were not represented in Parliament, so colonists like James Otis claimed they had no right to tax them - Otis claimed, “Taxation without representation is tyranny!”, but the English said they were subject to their laws & taxes James Otis
Ch.6, Sec.1 – Tighter British Control Britain Passes the Stamp Act Britain Passes the Stamp Act - in 1765, England passed the Stamp Act which taxed papers, letters, contracts, and diplomas - taxes had to be paid in silver coin, which was a rarity for the colonists - Samuel Adams, a leader in the Massachusetts legislature argued that what was to stop England from taxing everything, including their land?
Ch.6, Sec.1 – Tighter British Control - Patrick Henry, a member of Virginia’s House of Burgesses, called for a resistance to the tax - when another member shouted that resistance was treason, Henry replied, “If this be treason, make the most of it!” Patrick Henry
Ch.6, Sec.1 – Tighter British Control The Colonies Protest the Stamp Act The Colonies Protest the Stamp Act - colonial assemblies & newspapers took up the cry, “No taxation without representation!” - colonists got together in New York City to petition the Stamp Act and decided it was the assemblies right to tax, not Parliament’s - thus, colonial merchants organized a boycott, or a refusal to buy, on British goods
Ch.6, Sec.1 – Tighter British Control - some colonists formed secret societies to oppose British policies & the most famous group was the Sons of Liberty - they would burn paper & tar and feather customs officials
Ch.6, Sec.1 – Tighter British Control - some British political leaders, including William Pitt, spoke out against the Stamp Act and began siding with the Americans - the Stamp Act was repealed by Parliament in A.D. 1766 - in its place, they passed the Declaratory Act, which gave Parliament supreme authority to govern the colonies - the central issue was control of the colonies by A.D. 1767