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Ch.6, Sec.1 – Tighter British Control

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Presentation on theme: "Ch.6, Sec.1 – Tighter British Control"— Presentation transcript:

1 Ch.6, Sec.1 – Tighter British Control
The Colonies & Britain Grow Apart - the colonists had helped the British win the French & Indian War, so they were very upset when England passed the Proclamation of 1763, denying them access to the fertile Ohio River Valley to prevent another “Pontiac Rebellion” - the colonists were used to England’s salutary neglect policy, so this was not a change they welcomed!

2 Ch.6, Sec.1 – Tighter British Control
British Troops & Taxes - by 1765, King George III wanted to keep the peace with the Native Americans, so he enforced the Quartering Act - colonists were forced to house 10,000 British soldiers and provide them with supplies! - most of the soldiers were placed in the colony of New York

3 Ch.6, Sec.1 – Tighter British Control
- because England was in debt after the French & Indian War, they were forced to increase their revenue - they did this by charging the colonists for their frontier defense, colonial government, and involvement in the French & Indian War!!! - England started taxing the colonists directly

4 Ch.6, Sec.1 – Tighter British Control
- in 1764, England passed the Sugar Act, which placed a tax on sugar & molasses - colonial merchants traded these goods, so they reacted angrily at being taxed - colonists were not represented in Parliament, so colonists like James Otis claimed they had no right to tax them - Otis claimed, “Taxation without representation is tyranny!”, but the English said they were subject to their laws & taxes James Otis

5 Ch.6, Sec.1 – Tighter British Control
Britain Passes the Stamp Act - in 1765, England passed the Stamp Act which taxed papers, letters, contracts, and diplomas - taxes had to be paid in silver coin, which was a rarity for the colonists - Samuel Adams, a leader in the Massachusetts legislature argued that what was to stop England from taxing everything, including their land?

6 Ch.6, Sec.1 – Tighter British Control
- Patrick Henry, a member of Virginia’s House of Burgesses, called for a resistance to the tax - when another member shouted that resistance was treason, Henry replied, “If this be treason, make the most of it!” Patrick Henry

7 Ch.6, Sec.1 – Tighter British Control
The Colonies Protest the Stamp Act - colonial assemblies & newspapers took up the cry, “No taxation without representation!” - colonists got together in New York City to petition the Stamp Act and decided it was the assemblies right to tax, not Parliament’s - thus, colonial merchants organized a boycott, or a refusal to buy, on British goods

8 Ch.6, Sec.1 – Tighter British Control
- some colonists formed secret societies to oppose British policies & the most famous group was the Sons of Liberty - they would burn paper & tar and feather customs officials

9 Ch.6, Sec.1 – Tighter British Control
- some British political leaders, including William Pitt, spoke out against the Stamp Act and began siding with the Americans - the Stamp Act was repealed by Parliament in A.D. 1766 - in its place, they passed the Declaratory Act, which gave Parliament supreme authority to govern the colonies - the central issue was control of the colonies by A.D. 1767

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