Presentation on theme: "Ch.6, Sec.1 – Tighter British Control"— Presentation transcript:
1Ch.6, Sec.1 – Tighter British Control The Colonies & Britain Grow Apart- the colonists had helped the British win the French & Indian War, so they were very upset when England passed the Proclamation of 1763, denying them access to the fertile Ohio River Valley to prevent another “Pontiac Rebellion”- the colonists were used to England’s salutary neglect policy, so this was not a change they welcomed!
2Ch.6, Sec.1 – Tighter British Control British Troops & Taxes- by 1765, King George III wanted to keep the peace with the Native Americans, so he enforced the Quartering Act- colonists were forced to house 10,000 British soldiers and provide them with supplies!- most of the soldiers were placed in the colony of New York
3Ch.6, Sec.1 – Tighter British Control - because England was in debt after the French & Indian War, they were forced to increase their revenue- they did this by charging the colonists for their frontier defense, colonial government, and involvement in the French & Indian War!!!- England started taxing the colonists directly
4Ch.6, Sec.1 – Tighter British Control - in 1764, England passed the Sugar Act, which placed a tax on sugar & molasses- colonial merchants traded these goods, so they reacted angrily at being taxed- colonists were not represented in Parliament, so colonists like James Otis claimed they had no right to tax them- Otis claimed, “Taxation without representation is tyranny!”, but the English said they were subject to their laws & taxesJames Otis
5Ch.6, Sec.1 – Tighter British Control Britain Passes the Stamp Act- in 1765, England passed the Stamp Act which taxed papers, letters, contracts, and diplomas- taxes had to be paid in silver coin, which was a rarity for the colonists- Samuel Adams, a leader in the Massachusetts legislature argued that what was to stop England from taxing everything, including their land?
6Ch.6, Sec.1 – Tighter British Control - Patrick Henry, a member of Virginia’s House of Burgesses, called for a resistance to the tax- when another member shouted that resistance was treason, Henry replied, “If this be treason, make the most of it!”Patrick Henry
7Ch.6, Sec.1 – Tighter British Control The Colonies Protest the Stamp Act- colonial assemblies & newspapers took up the cry, “No taxation without representation!”- colonists got together in New York City to petition the Stamp Act and decided it was the assemblies right to tax, not Parliament’s- thus, colonial merchants organized a boycott, or a refusal to buy, on British goods
8Ch.6, Sec.1 – Tighter British Control - some colonists formed secret societies to oppose British policies & the most famous group was the Sons of Liberty- they would burn paper & tar and feather customs officials
9Ch.6, Sec.1 – Tighter British Control - some British political leaders, including William Pitt, spoke out against the Stamp Act and began siding with the Americans- the Stamp Act was repealed by Parliament in A.D. 1766- in its place, they passed the Declaratory Act, which gave Parliament supreme authority to govern the colonies- the central issue was control of the colonies by A.D. 1767