Presentation on theme: "Unit 3 Creating A Nation Road to Independence p. 130."— Presentation transcript:
1Unit 3 Creating A NationRoad to Independencep. 130
2Proclamation of 1763Stated Appalachian Mountains temporarily western boundaryPrevented colonists from moving west of the MountainsGreat Britain ignored settlers land claims past the mountains.Led to friction between Americans and Britain.
4Taxation Without Representation Relationship with Britain Great Britain placed 10,000 troops in America to ensure the plan was followed.Colonist felt the proclamation limited their freedom.
5Cost of War French and Indian War left Great Britain in debt George Grenville became the England Prime Minister.King and Parliament decided to tax the American colonists in order to help pay the debt.
6Mercantilism was the idea that colonies were an important source of raw materials. A lot of the raw materials were taken from America and sent to Britain to help the mother country manufacture goods to trade with other countries. It was thought that by increasing exports and collecting precious metals in return, that it would improve the national wealth and power. Mercantilism
7The Sugar ActLowered tax on molasses imported by the colonists in hopes the colonists would pay the tax instead of smuggling.Allowed to officers to seize goods from smugglers without going to court.Colonists felt rights as Englishmen were being violated.
8The Stamp Act 1765Tax on almost all printed materials in the colonies (newspapers, wills, etc.)Samuel Adams began organization called The Sons of Liberty.They protested the act publicly, saying only Americans had the right to tax Americans.
9The Stamp Act CongressDelegates from nine colonies made a petition declaring colonists could only be taxed by their own assemblies.People and merchants boycott, or refused to buy, the stamps.British merchants lost so much business that they begged Parliament to repeal, or cancel, the act.Parliament repealed the act in 1766.
10New TaxesTownsend Acts (1767) – taxes to be paid on imported goods at point of entry.Taxed many basic, but necessary, items such as glass, tea, paper, and lead.Colonists felt only their own representatives could tax them.Colonists boycott these imported items.