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Cuts, Scrapes, & Bruises Community First Aid & Safety.

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Presentation on theme: "Cuts, Scrapes, & Bruises Community First Aid & Safety."— Presentation transcript:

1 Cuts, Scrapes, & Bruises Community First Aid & Safety

2 Cuts, Scrapes, & Bruises Blood- 60,000 miles of blood vessels Heart Arteries Veins Capillaries

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4 Stitches Uncontrollable bleeding Wounds that show muscle, bones, joints Large and deep puncture wounds Embedded objects Human / animal bites

5 Types of Wounds Contusion (bruise) Abrasion (scrape) Incision (cut / laceration) Avulsion Puncture

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7 Contusion (Bruise) Damage to soft tissues & blood vessels causes bleeding under the skin At first it may appear red Turn purple

8 Scrape (abrasion) Most common type of wound caused by skin that has been rubbed or scrapped away Usually painful because scraping away of outer skin exposes nerve endings

9 Incision (cut / laceration) May be jagged or smooth edges Commonly caused by sharp objects Can also be caused by a blow from a blunt object

10 Avulsion A cut in which a portion of the skin or other soft tissue is partially / completely torn away May hang like a flap Severed (finger)

11 Puncture Caused when a pointed object pieces the skin (nail, tack, bullet) An object that remains embedded in the wound is called an impaled object

12 Signs of Infection Swollen / redness Warm / throb / pain Pus discharge Fever, feel ill Red streaks

13 Care for Infection Antibiotic ointment (Neosporin) Soak in warm water Elevate Change coverings If persists or worsens- seek a physician

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15 Caring for Soft Tissue Injuries Closed Wound (internal injuries) Apply something cold to control swelling Signals of Internal Bleeding Tender, swollen, bruised Rapid / weak pulse Skin (cool, moist, pale, bluish) Vomiting / coughing up blood Excessive thirst Confused, faint, drowsy or unconscious

16 Caring for an Open Wound Control bleeding (sterile dressing-direct pressure) Raise / elevate above heart (if no broken bone is suspected) Apply bandage snugly over dressing (if bleeding does not stop apply additional dressing) If bleeding cannot be controlled, put pressure to supplying artery

17 Continued Call EMS Care for shock Wash hands after care

18 Shock

19 Signals of Shock Restlessness / irritability Altered consciousness Nausea Pale, cool, moist skin Rapid breathing Rapid pulse

20 Caring for Shock Have victim lie down, elevate legs about 12” (unless you suspect head, neck, back injuries) Call 9-1-1 Control any external bleeding Help victim maintain body temperature Do not give food or drink Reassure victim

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22 Special Situations

23 Severed Body Part Wrap the part completely in gauze or a clean towel. Wet the towel with cool water. Place the wrapped body part in a plastic bag & seal it shut. Place the sealed bag in to another bag or bucket filled with ice. Take the bag with the amputated body part to the hospital with the victim.

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25 Embedded Objects Do not remove it Place several objects around object to support it Eye-cover both eyes

26 Organs that Break Through the Abdomen Carefully remove clothing from around the move Cover organs with a moist, sterile / clean dressing Cover dressing with plastic wrap Place a folded towel / cloth to keep warm

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