Presentation on theme: "Mr. Ramos. Objectives ◦ Explain how to be prepared for a medical emergency. ◦ Identify the steps to take in an emergency. ◦ Describe the steps involved."— Presentation transcript:
Objectives ◦ Explain how to be prepared for a medical emergency. ◦ Identify the steps to take in an emergency. ◦ Describe the steps involved in rescue breathing and CPR. ◦ Explain how to use abdominal thrusts for choking. ◦ Explain how to give first aid for shock and bleeding. ◦ Discuss first aid procedures for burns, poisoning, broken bones, dislocations, and sprains.
First aid is the immediate and temporary care given to a person who has been injured or suddenly becomes ill. An emergency is a serious situation that occurs without warning.
Before you can give first aid, you must have consent, or permission. If the victim is unconscious, you may act according to the Good Samaritan Law. Follow universal precautions when giving first aid to avoid contact with pathogens. ◦ Vinyl or Latex Gloves ◦ Wash hands with soap ◦ Use face mask for CPR ◦ Cover cuts or scrapes on body ◦ Do not touch your mouth, eyes, or nose while caring for victim ◦ Do not eat while giving first aid
Survey the scene Tap person on shoulder & shout “hey are you ok?” Ask someone to call 9-1-1 & get an AED. Check if person is breathing. (if not breathing) Check for pulse. (if no pulse) perform CPR
Choking is an emergency in which the airway is blocked by a piece of food or other small object. Encourage victim to cough. If the victim cannot talk or cough, then the airway is completely blocked. The universal distress signal is a warning that a person has difficulty breathing.
Abdominal thrusts are a series of thrusts to the abdomen to force air from the lungs to dislodge an object.
Shock is a dangerous reduction in blood flow. ◦ Signs: fainting, dizziness, confusion or weakness; cool and clammy skin; blue fingernails and lips; weak but rapid pulse with shallow breaths. Call 9-1-1 Lie down with legs raised above heart level. Loosen tight clothing. Keep victim warm. Do not give victim food or drink.
Call 9-1-1 if excess bleeding Follow universal precautions Place a clean cloth or sterile dressing on wound & apply pressure Raise the wound above heart level Use a roller bandage to cover the cloth when the bleeding stops.
First degree burn is a mild burn that affects the first, or outer, layer of skin. ◦ Run cool water over burn ◦ Don’t use ice, cream, butter or grease ◦ Cover small burns ◦ Healing takes about 6 days to heal
Second degree burns are serious & affect the 2 nd & 3 rd layer of skin. ◦ White or red skin appearance ◦ Rinse with cool water ◦ Call 9-1-1 ◦ Do not break blisters ◦ Takes 2-4 weeks to heal
A third degree burn is an extremely serious burn that damages all layers of the skin, & sometimes the tissues below the skin, causing loss of fluid & sometimes shock. ◦ Dark & charred skin ◦ Use cool water ◦ Call 9-1-1 ◦ Use rescue breathing if needed & treat for shock
Signs of poisoning: ◦ Nausea ◦ Difficulty breathing ◦ Vomiting ◦ Chest pain ◦ Abdominal cramps ◦ Sweating ◦ Rashes ◦ Seizures Call 1-800-222-1222 U.S. National Poison Hotline Do not induce vomiting or give fluids unless instructed to do so. For poisons on the skin, wash gently with soap & run water for 10 minutes. Call 1-800-222-1222 U.S. National Poison Hotline Do not induce vomiting or give fluids unless instructed to do so. For poisons on the skin, wash gently with soap & run water for 10 minutes.
Signs of broken bones include hearing or feeling a snap or difficulty moving the injured area. Call 9-1-1 Never move a victim with a neck or back injury. Use a splint to keep the injured part from moving. Apply ice or a cold pack.
A dislocation occurs when a bone moves from its joint. Call 9-1-1 Keep joint from moving Use a splint & apply a cold compress
A sprain is a torn or over stretched ligament. Sprains cause swelling & pain. Bruises may appear. Remember PRICE to treat sprains ◦ Protect – splint, tape, or brace ◦ Rest ◦ Ice – 15 to 20 minutes for 3 to 5 times a day ◦ Compression – wear elastic bandage for 2 days ◦ Elevate – elevate injury above heart