2 abrasion is a type of wound in which the skin is scraped or rubbed off ABRASIONSabrasion is a type of wound in which the skin is scraped or rubbed offSYMPTOMSBleeding from the abrasionSkin painSkin swellingSkin tendernessComplete or partial loss of skin layersSIGNSRed streaks that spread from the abrasionbleedingSYMPTOMS OF DEEP ABRASIONS INCLUDE:Numbness to the skin around the abrasionSevere bleedingWeakness of the muscles around the abrasionWorsening swelling
3 PROPER CARE AND CLEANING cleaning the wound with mild soap and water or a mild antiseptic wash like hydrogen peroxidecovering the area with an antibiotic ointment and a dry dressing.severe abrasion should be seen and cleaned by a physicianPREVENTIONmost abrasions happen when a person is involved in biking, skating, or skateboarding so protective gear should be worn like elbow pads, knee pads, and appropriate clothing to prevent yourself from getting an abrasion
4 LACERATIONS SYMPTOMS OF AN INFECTED LACERATION INCLUDE: SYMPTOMS Are torn, rather than cut. They have ragged, irregular edges and masses of torn tissue underneath. These wounds are usually made by blunt, rather than sharp, objects.SYMPTOMS OF AN INFECTED LACERATION INCLUDE:FeverPus draining from the woundWorsening swellingSwollen glandsWorsening painSYMPTOMSSymptoms of a skin laceration include:Skin painSkin tendernessBleeding from the skin woundSkin swellingSkin bruisingInability to move the injured areaLoss of functionNumbness and tingling
5 PROPER CARE AND CLEANING Clean the area with warm water and gentle soap.Apply an antibiotic ointment to reduce chance of infection.Put a sterile bandage on the areaPREVENTIONTo keep the surface of your skin away from sharp objects.Always follow instructions and precautions when using knives and saws, as well as other tools and machinery that could potentially cause harmful or fatal damage
6 PUNCTURES SYMPTOMS Redness swelling, Pus watery discharge A wound that is deeper than it is wide, produced by a narrow pointed objectSYMPTOMSRednessswelling,Puswatery dischargeProblems with function or feeling below the wound siteSIGNif you see or feel something stuck in a part of your skin like a nail or a splinter
7 PROPER CARE AND CLEANING Try to remove the object that caused the wound if it is smallWash the wound for 5 minutes with large amounts of cool waterand soapIf bleeding use direct pressure to try and stop the bleedingPREVENTIONpractice safety when using blunt or sharp objects.
8 AVULSIONS Tenderness Pain Swelling Weakness SYMPTOMS Injuries where a section of tissue is torn off, either partially or in total. In partial avulsions, the tissue is elevated but remains attached to the body. A total avulsion means that the tissue is completely torn from the bodySYMPTOMSTendernessPainSwellingWeakness
9 PROPER CARE AND CLEANING PREVENTION Control bleeding with direct pressure and elevation, avoiding tourniquets unless bleeding cannot be controlled then you should seek medical help from a hospitalRinse with water or saline. The cleaner the betterBe safe!
10 WORKS CITED http://www.emedicinehealth.com http://www.freemd.com