Presentation on theme: "1.02 Knits and Other Fabric Constructions"— Presentation transcript:
1 1.02 Knits and Other Fabric Constructions Apparel Development IIMs. Jessica Edwards
2 Knitting is done by pulling loops of yarn through other loops of yarn to create interlocked rows.
3 Method of Knitting Weft, or filling knits are made with only one yarn. 1. Weft KnitWeft, or filling knits are made with only one yarn.Done by hand or machineMost have two-way stretch, lengthwise and crosswiseCan get lengthwise “runs” from broken threads because of single yarn constructionMethod of Knitting
4 Plain – most common, sometimes called jersey, front and back are different; used for hosiery, t-shirts, sports shirts, dresses, and sweatersPurl – same on both sides, stretch lengthwise and crosswise; used for sweatersTypes of Weft Knits
5 Types of Weft Knits cont. Rib – have vertical ribs or columns of stitches that alternate on the front and back; used as neck, wrist, and bottom bands on sweaters and jacketsDouble – made with two yarns and two sets of needles, heavier, firmer, and sturdier than other knits, will not run or ravel; can be used for a variety of garmentsTypes of Weft Knits cont.
6 2. Warp KnitWarp knits are made with several yarns on flat knitting machines.Yarns interlockEach loop is made up of two yarnsUsually run-resistantMethod of Knitting
7 Tricot – have very fine vertical wales on the right side and crosswise courses on the back; used for lingerie, underwear, shirts, and dressesRaschel – may have an extra yarn stitched in to produce a textured or patterned design; open and lacy knits can be createdTypes of Warp Knits
8 Other Fabric Constructions Fibers, yarns, and fabric can be joined together by heat and moisture, adhesives, bonding agents, or stitching.Other Fabric Constructions
9 Made by interlocking the fibers with heat and moisture or with an adhesive substance Felt is a nonwoven fabricDo not ravel or frayFlexible and have good shape retentionMay have weak areas and may tear easilyInexpensive to produceDiapers, interfacing, and disposable surgical gowns are end usesNonwoven Fabrics
10 Woven or knitted fabrics that have been constructed to stretch more than they normally would. Can be designed to stretch in warp direction, filling direction, or both.Two-way stretch fabrics are suitable for swimsuits, exercise wear, and active sportswear.Stretch Fabrics
11 Bonded and Laminated Fabrics Can be bonded to another fabric, vinyl, clear films, or rubberized coatingsSimulated leather has vinyl bonded to a woven or knitted base.Rubberized coatings can be added for water repellency.Bonded and Laminated Fabrics
12 Made by twisting or looping threads or yarns together on special machines Laces and Nets
13 Consists of two layers of fabric with batting between them Quilted Fabrics