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Textiles Fashion Merchandising 4.01. Fiber  Fiber: the smallest unit in a textile fabric.

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Presentation on theme: "Textiles Fashion Merchandising 4.01. Fiber  Fiber: the smallest unit in a textile fabric."— Presentation transcript:

1 Textiles Fashion Merchandising 4.01

2 Fiber  Fiber: the smallest unit in a textile fabric.

3 Yarn ► Yarn: A group of fibers twisted together to form a continuous strand.

4 Blend  Blend: the combination of two or more fibers resulting in the best of each fiber. The picture below represents a wool, acrylic blend.

5 Denier DDDDenier: Thickness or diameter of a fiber.

6 Natural Fibers Fibers from plants (cellulosic) and animals (protein). Fibers from plants (cellulosic) and animals (protein).

7 Cotton  Cotton: soft, white, cool to wear, underwear and socks. PLANT.

8 Wool Wool: coat of sheep, warmest clothes, coats and blankets. ANIMAL.

9 Flax Flax: stem of a PLANT, becomes linen when woven.

10 Silk The fine, lustrous fiber that comes from a cocoon spun by a silkworm.

11 Leather ► Leather: tough, made by preserving animal hides, tanning.

12 Suede Suede: leather with a napped surface.

13 Fur  Fur: soft, hairy coat of an animal, outerwear, trimmings, come from hides.

14 Manufactured Fibers Fibers that are man-made and begin as thick liquids. Fibers that are man-made and begin as thick liquids.

15 Polyester Polyester: made from coal, often blended with other fibers, washes great.

16 Nylon  Nylon: dries quickly, resists wrinkles, clings to the wearer.

17 Acrylic Acrylic: resembles wool, soft, warm, bulky, yet lightweight.

18 Rayon ► Rayon: inexpensive, weak when wet.

19 Acetate Acetate: silky, luxurious, wrinkles easily, neckties and lingerie. Acetate: silky, luxurious, wrinkles easily, neckties and lingerie.

20 Spandex  Spandex: ability to stretch, elastic feature, dance wear.

21 Weaving Interlacing one or more sets of yarns at right angles Interlacing one or more sets of yarns at right angles

22 Warp Strands that run lengthwise. Strands that run lengthwise. Up and Down Up and Down

23 Weft Strands that run crosswise. (right-left)

24 Bias Bias: The diagonal grain of a fabric. It gives (stretch).

25 Plain Weave The simplest and most common weave. Weft passes under each warp Chiffon/Tafetta

26 Twill Weave Weft passes under 2 or 3 warps diagonal design on the surface Very strong and durable Used in Denim

27 Satin Weave Weft passes under numerous warps Weft passes under numerous warps produces a smooth, shiny surfaced fabric produces a smooth, shiny surfaced fabric

28 Knitting KKKKnitting: constructing fabric by looping yarns together.

29 Gauge GGGGauge: The number of stitches, or loops, per inch in a knitted fabric.

30 Weft Knit  One yarn runs crosswise to form a horizontal row of loops  Cut edges will curl  Runs if snagged  Jersey and Sweater knits

31 Warp Knit  Several yarns creating loops in a lengthwise direction  Selvage Edges – strong edge that does not ravel  Very resistant to runs  Used in lingere

32 Non-woven Fibers are compacted together. Moisture, heat, chemicals, or pressure Dryer Sheets Sterile Gowns and Caps Disposable Diapers

33 Quilting Quilted fabric. A layer of padding is sandwiched between two layers of fabric and held in place by stitching. Examples of use: bedspreads, placemats, and outerwear

34 Braided Interlacing 3 or more yarns to form a regular pattern

35 Laces and Nets Knotting, twisting, or looping yarns together

36 Finishing  Finishing: applying colors, designs, or surface treatments to change the look, feel, performance of fabrics.

37 Types of Finishing  Mechanical –  finishes that are applied mechanically –Affect the size and appearance –Dyeing, Cutting, Brushing, Glazing, Embossing  Chemical – Finishes that become part of the fabric through a chemical reaction –Waterproofing, Stain Resistant, Flame Resistant

38 Bleaching (Chemical) BBBBleaching: chemical process that removes color, impurities, or spots

39 Dyeing (Mechanical)  Adding color to fiber, yarn, or fabric

40 Printing (Mechanical)  Adding a pattern or design to the surface of a fabric

41 Trends and Technology Equipment and Machinery Faster, more efficient CAD – Computer aided design Microfibers Ultra-fine, soft, luxurious, inexpensive High-performance Sportswear Wicking – pulls sweat away, keeps body cooler

42 Trends and Technology Non-Wovens – Medical textiles – protection from bodily fluids Protection from hazardous materials SPF Garments Individuality Customize garments (monograms) Recycling

43 Plastic Soda Bottles Plastic soda bottles: recycled into t-shirts.

44 Fabric Government Regulations Wool Products Labeling Act (1939) Wool products must have percentage and type of wool listed on label Textile Fiber Products Identification Act (1958) All clothing labels list generic fiber content

45 Fabric Government Regulations Flammable Fabrics Act (1953) Regulates sale of highly flammable fabrics Prohibits extremely flammable fabrics

46 Fabric Government Regulations Permanent Care Labeling Act (1972) All clothing required to have care instruction labels Symbols were introduced in 1997


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