2FABRIC CONSTRUCTION: 3 Steps fibers are created into yarnsyarns are then woven or knit into fabricsfabrics are used to create projects
3Fabric starts with the fibers Black Alpaca SilkBaby fine camel hairDyed WoolSilkCotton
4Once the fiber is collected, the fiber is spun into yarns Spinning is the process of twisting fibers together to create yarns.
5After the fiber is made into yarns the fabric is woven, knit or pressed into fabric
6Explanation of Woven Fabric consists of warp and weft yarnsweaving occurs when two or more yarns are woven together at right angles to make a fabricstrong and easy to sew onsuggested for beginners to use
7Woven FabricWoven fabric made by a process of interlacing yarns to create cloth or fabric.
8The yarn passes through the heddles in each shaft of this four-shaft table loom. This is a view from the rear of the loom.
9Knit FabricKnits are made by a series of interlocking loops.
10Explanation of knit fabrics knits provide stretchknits don't need a seam or edge finish; will not frayball point needle is recommended for sewing on knitssingle knit fabric curls to the right side when stretchedinterlock knit is thicker than single knits and when stretched they don't curl
11Explanation of Non-woven fabrics made when fibers are pressed together using heat and moistureexamples include: felt, non-woven interfacing and Polar fleece
12Napped Fabric short fibers that create texture on fabric use a nap layouttreat the same way as a one-way directional fabric
13BLENDED YARNS, THREADS, AND FABRICS blends were created to utilize the positive characteristics of each fiberdifferent fibers that have been combined into 1 fabric, usually 1 natural & 1 syntheticEXAMPLE: polyester/cotton blend- the original cotton characteristics are improved and the fabric becomes more wrinkle resistant, stronger, and mildew resistant