Presentation on theme: "How does an STD affect a baby?"— Presentation transcript:
1 How does an STD affect a baby? Discussion Starter 9/25/12How does an STD affect a baby?
2 Chlamydia Most widespread – 4 million cases per year Symptoms Often asymptomaticBurning urinationAbdominal pain, nausea, fever in femalesCan lead to Pelvic Inflammatory Disease & sterilityCaused by bacteriaTreat with antibioticsDanger for babies and momsRespiratory infections, conjunctivitis, pneumonia, blindnessEctopic pregnancy, premature delivery, stillbirth
3 CHLAMYDIAChlamydia discharge in an adult and infant’s eye (left and below)Chlamydia discharge from the cervix (left)
4 Gonorrhea Symptoms Cause Dangers to mom and baby Asymptomatic Genital burning, itching, dischargeCan lead to PID and sterilityCauseBacterial – treat with antibioticsDangers to mom and babyMiscarriage, ectopic pregnancy, premature deliverySkin infection, respiratory infection, infections of the genitals, eyes, arthritis, meningitis, blood infection, blindness, death
6 GONORRHEA Lesions on tongue from Gonorrhea Gonorrhea infection in newborn’s eye.Gonorrhea can cause blindness in newborns, so an ointment is now put into the eyes of all newborns born in U.S. hospitals as a precaution.
7 GONORRHEAGonorrhea chancre on skin (above)and ankle (left)
8 Chlamydia and Gonorrhea have similar symptoms CHLAMYDIA & GONORRHEAChlamydia and Gonorrhea have similar symptoms
10 Syphilis Symptoms Cause Dangers to Baby 1 stage – chancre (open sore) 2nd stage – fevers, rash, hair loss3rd stage – attack of the central nervous system leading to deathCauseBacteria – treat with antibiotics if caught in timeDangers to BabyStillbirth, neonatal death, congenital syphilis, skin sores, fever, swollen liver, jaundice, anemia, deformities, death
11 SPIROCHETE (The organism that causes Syphilis) The spirochete, the organism that causes syphilis is characterized by it’s corkscrew appearance.
12 PRIMARY SYPHILIS (first stage chancre appears) Syphilis chancre on tongue and roof of mouthSyphilis chancre on lipSyphilis chancres will appear at the point of inoculation or exposure.
13 PRIMARY SYPHILIS (first stage chancre appears) Syphilis chancre on penis (left) and vaginal area (right)Chancres sometimes look as though several layers of skin are missing
14 SECONDARY SYPHILIS (second stage a rash appears)
15 SECONDARY SYPHILIS (second stage a rash appears) Syphilis is highly contagious when the rash appears. Once the disease reaches the latent and fourth stage it is no longer contagious.Secondary Syphilis lesions on palmsSecondary Syphilis lesions on the feet
16 SECONDARY SYPHILIS (second stage a rash appears) Secondary Syphilis lesions will appear on the the hands, feet and over the entire body.Remember that the Tertiary or Third stage is when the disease is dormant and there will be no symptoms. It can last up to 20 years in this dormant stage.
17 LATE STAGE SYPHILIS (fourth stage attacks body organs) In the late stages of syphilis it can actually eat away at the skin and body’s organs including the brain.
18 Genital Herpes Symptoms Cause Dangers Open sores on the sex organs resembling cold sores that will heal in about three weeks.CauseVirus – no cureTreatments include medicines that shorten length of outbreak & frequency of outbreaksDangersTo babies upon delivery – brain damage or death
19 GENITAL HERPES (on the lips) Genital Herpes lesions on Lips
20 GENITAL HERPES (In newborns) Remember that the case study in the “Choosing the Best Life” curriculum says that herpes lesions are very painful and feel like pouring lemon juice into an open cut. Think of the pain that these babies will go through their entire life because of the decisions that their mothers made before their births.Herpes in a newborn that went through the birth canal of an infected mother. Herpes lesions will reappear throughout the baby’s lifetime. There is NO CURE!Herpes in the eye of a child. The lesions will appear over and over throughout the child's lifetime. Treatable, but there is NO CURE!
21 GENITAL HERPES (in the mouth) Genital Herpes lesions inside the mouth
25 Genital Warts (Human Papilloma Virus) SymptomsGrowths on sex organs causing discomfort and itchingCan lead to cancer (HPV and cervical cancer)CauseVirusTreatment – doctor can remove but will grow backGardasil and Cervarix vaccinesDangers to BabyRespiratory papillomatosis
26 HUMAN PAPILLOMA VIRUS (HPV) White patches are the wartsLOOKING THROUGHSPECULUM AT CERVIX(GENITAL WARTS) ON CERVIX
27 HUMAN PAPILLOMA VIRUS (HPV) Stress that the warts can be removed, but since the virus remains they will come back. They will have to removed again each time that they reappear.Venereal Warts that result from the HPV virus
28 Human Immunodeficiency Virus HIV SymptomsAsymptomaticAttacks the immune systemCauseVirus transmitted through blood, semen, vaginal secretions, breast milk – NO CURETreatment – drugs can slow the virus’ ability to attack white blood cellsDangerOver time enough white blood cells are destroyed that the condition become AIDS and leads to deathBabies born to mothers with HIV are likely to develop AIDS before their 2nd birthday and die.
29 Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) SymptomsBody’s inability to fight infection leads to variety of cancers, diseases, pneumonia, etc.CauseHIVTreatment – none – slow death
32 AQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME (AIDS) (each yellow dot represents 30 cases) Point out that this chart only goes up to 1997, but it still can give us valuable information and show how fast and where AIDS spread during the years ofPoint out that there are no dots in western Oklahoma where we live.Ask if this means that we don’t have to worry about anybody around here having AIDS?No, this only means that there might have been only 29 cases (one dot = 30 cases for reasons of confidentiality) by 1997.Also point out that most people who find out they are HIV + will probably need to relocate to larger cities where more specialized medical care would be available (like OKC and Tulsa in Oklahoma). It would also make it easier to stay anonymous in larger communities.
33 AQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME (AIDS) Kaposi’s sarcoma on the leg of an AIDS patient.Not until a person starts getting certain opportunistic diseases that have symptoms that show, like Kaposi’s sarcoma will anybody be able to tell that someone might have AIDS.Kaposi’s sarcoma: A cancer that usually involves the skin, mucous membranes, and lymph nodes. Ordinarily appearing first on the legs or arms, this disease affects people with AIDS more than it does other people.
34 AQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME (AIDS) Kaposi’s sarcoma on the body of an AIDS patient.
35 AQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME (AIDS) Oral Leukoplakia in an AIDS patient
36 AQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME (AIDS) Both oral thrush and vaginal yeast infections can occur in people who don’t have AIDS, but once a person comes down with AIDS, they will have reoccurring bouts with both of these common infections because their immune systems can’t fight them.Oral yeast infections called THRUSH are common in AIDS patients.Recurring vaginal yeast infections are common in AIDS patients.
37 Hepatitis B Symptoms Cause Danger to Baby Flu-like symptoms as the liver is attackedCauseVirus – no cure, most recover but may have developed liver disease or cancerVaccine availableDanger to BabyCongenital hepatitisLow birth weight, malformations, stillbirth, abortion