2 ImpactAlmost 20 million - newly diagnosed STD’s/STI’s each year.$16 billion – cost of treating STI’s½ of all new infections are among people aged although this age group represents <25% of the sexually experienced population.
5 From the CDC… Inflict Significant Human and Economic Costs Significant health challenge facing the United States.Potential threat to an individual’s immediate and long-term health and well-being.Increases a person’s risk for HIV infection, STDs can lead to severe reproductive health complications, such as infertility and ectopic pregnancy.
6 CDC’s collects data on 8 common STIs Bacterial InfectionsChlamydiaGonorrheaSyphilisParasitic InfectionTrichomoniasisViral Infections/DiseasesHepatitis B virus (HBV)Herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2)Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)Human papillomavirus (HPV)
7 VIRAL STD/SID’s HSV HIV HPV One characteristic they all have in common…There is NO CURE.
9 HERPES Simplex I and II HSV-1: Simplex I Cold sores and fever blisters HSV-2: Simplex IIGenital herpes
10 Symptoms Painful, fluid filled blisters - can be found… in the mouth on the lipson the thighs or abdomenin the genital area
11 How is HERPES spread? How is HERPES treated? Skin to skin contact Oral SexSexual IntercourseHow is HERPES treated?Oral medication: antiviral meds like Acyclovir, Valtrex.
12 Baby born to mother during an active genital herpes infection. Herpes infection can be passed from mother to unborn child and cause a potentially deadly infection (neonatal herpes).
13 CDC estimates that 776,000 people in the US get a new herpes infection each year, adding to total prevalence ofNationwide, 16.2%, or 1 in 6 people aged have genital herpes infection.1 in 5 women yoa1 in 9 men yoa
14 HIV/AIDSHIV = Human Immunodeficiency Virus AIDS = Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
15 HIV causes AIDSInfection occurs when the virus enters the bloodstream and begins to destroy a specific white blood cell called a T-lymphocyte.Patients test positive for HIV about 6 months after initial infection.Systemic breakdown may take as long as 10+ years.AIDS occurs when the number of viruses in drastically higher than the number of T-cells.
17 Symptoms of HIV Symptoms of AIDS None; people that are HIV positive may not present with symptoms for up to 10 years.Symptoms of AIDSSkin Rashes, swollen glands, fever, diarrhea, weakness, mouth and respiratory infections
18 How is AIDS spread? How is HIV/AIDS Treated? Sexual contact IV drug useBlood to blood contactPregnant mother to childMUST ENTER THE BLOODSTREAMHow is HIV/AIDS Treated?EARLY DIAGNOSIS = GET TESTED!Initial weight gain to prevent “wasting.”Drug cocktails to prevent viral replication and entry of virus into uninfected cells.
19 Prevalence of diagnosed HIV Infection Among Adolescents Aged 13–19, Year-end 2012—United States and Dependent Areas N = 7,300 Total Rate = 24.3At the end of 2012, there were an estimated 7,300 adolescents aged 13 to 19 years living with a diagnosis of HIV infection in the United States and 6 dependent areas. The prevalence of diagnosed HIV infection among adolescents was 24.3 per 100,000 population. The prevalence of diagnosed HIV infection among adolescents at the end of 2012 were highest in the District of Columbia (243.5 per 100,000), New York (71.8 per 100,000), U.S. Virgin Islands (69.9 per 100,000), Maryland (63.2 per 100,000), Florida (51.0 per 100,000), and Louisiana (46.0 per 100,000)The District of Columbia (i.e., Washington, DC) is a city; please use caution when comparing the rate of persons living with diagnosed HIV infection in DC with the rates in states.Data include persons with a diagnosis of HIV infection regardless of stage of disease at diagnosis. All displayed data are estimates. Estimated numbers resulted from statistical adjustment that accounted for reporting delays, but not for incomplete reporting.Persons living with diagnosed HIV infection are classified as adolescent based on age at year-end 2012.Note. Data include persons with a diagnosis of HIV infection regardless of stage of disease at diagnosis. All displayed data have been statistically adjusted to account for reporting delays, but not for incomplete reporting.
20 US StatisticsAt the end of 2009, an estimated 1,148,200 persons aged 13 and older in the United States were living with HIV/AIDS.Approximately 50,000 new infections of HIV occur each year.Approx . 10,000 of these were in young people aged 13 – 24.
21 WORLD StatisticsThe last 10 years saw a 15% reduction in new infections and a 22% decline is death due to AIDS.There are 1,000 new infections in children EVERY DAY.Only 23% of children with HIV/AIDS are receiving treatment.2.1 million children are HIV-positive.33.4 million people worldwide are living with HIV/AIDS25 million people have died since the first cases were reported in 1981.
24 HPV Facts The MOST common SID. So common that nearly all sexually active men and women will get it at some point in their lives.Over 40 forms of this virus are known to infect the genitals.
25 Usually appears as a small bump or group of bumps in the genital area. HPV SymptomsUsually appears as a small bump or group of bumps in the genital area.Bumps may be raised or flat.Warts can appear weeks or months after infection.
26 Complications Causes cell changes that lead to cervical cancer. HPV is the leading cause of death from cervical cancer in the U.S.
27 How is HPV treated?Removal of growths or abnormal cervical tissue by surgery or freezing.For external growths, prescription medication can be applied.Gardasil shot for prevention of only 3 types of HPV types that are leading causes of cervical cancer.
28 Approx. 79 million Americans are currently infected with HPV. Approx. 14 million new infections occur each year.So common that most sexually-active men and women will be exposed to HPV at some point in their lives.
31 Chlamydia Symptoms MEN WOMEN 80% have no symptoms = “silent infection” painful urinationwhite discharge from penispain in testiclesmay become infertile if not treatedWOMEN80% have no symptoms = “silent infection”dischargebleeding or pain with intercourseIrregular periods
32 ComplicationsIf not treated, chlamydia can lead to Pelvic Inflammatory DiseasePID is an inflammation of the fallopian tubes and uterus.PID can lead to an ectopic pregnancy and/or infertility.
33 How is Chlamydia Spread? sexual contactbodily fluidsHow is Chlamydia treated?Antibiotics
34 1,422,976 infections were reported to CDC. Estimated 2.86 million infections occur each year.Some infections are not reported because the infected do not have symptoms or do not seek treatment.Est. 1 in 15 sexually active females aged have chlamydia.
40 Syphilis symptoms Progresses in stages: STAGE I = PRIMARY: Painless red sores (chancres) appear.STAGE II = SECONDARY: Non-itching rashSTAGE III = TERTIARY/LATENT: damages internal organs including brain, nerves, eyes, heart, blood vessels, liver. Can lead to death.
41 How is Syphilis treated? How do you get Syphilis?sexual contactskin-to-skin contactHow is Syphilis treated?Antibiotics** can only be cured if found in early stages!
42 15,667 of newly reported cases of Primary and Secondary syphilis. 322 cases of Tertiary syphilis