Presentation on theme: "Sexually Transmitted Diseases Presentation 4"— Presentation transcript:
1 Sexually Transmitted Diseases Presentation 4 Have A/M/C cards ready for activity.
2 Health I.Q. (True/False) Number your paper 1-10. 1. Newborn babies are given medicated eye drops to prevent blindness due to a gonorrhea-infected mother.2. It’s best to see if an STD goes away on its own before going to a doctor.3. Washing the genitals after sex prevents STDs.4. People aged have the highest rate of chlamydia.5. An itchless rash on the hands is a symptom of syphilis.6. Birth-control pills prevent STDs.7. The medicine prescribed for one kind of STD will cure any STD.8. If one sex partner is treated for an STD, the other partner does not need to be treated.9. Some STDs do not have any symptoms and can only be detected by lab tests.10. Three of the most common STDs in the US are trichomoniasis, human papilloma virus, and chlamydia.
3 Health I.Q. AnswersTRUE: Newborn babies are routinely given medicated eye drops to prevent blindness from a gonorrhea-infected mother.FALSE: It’s best to see if an STD goes away on its own before going to a doctor. MOST WILL NOT GO AWAY ON THEIR OWN.FALSE: Washing the genitals after sex prevents STDs. WASHING IS NOT AN EFFECTIVE WAY TO PREVENT STDs.TRUE: People aged have the highest rate of chlamydia.TRUE: An itchless rash on the hands is a symptom of syphilis.
4 Health I.Q. AnswersFALSE: Birth-control pills prevent STDs. THEY DO NOT PREVENT STDs.FALSE: The medicine prescribed for one kind of STD will cure any STD. EACH STD REQUIRES A DIFFERENT TREATMENT.FALSE: If one sex partner is treated for an STD, the other partner does not need to be treated. BOTH MUST TREATED SO THEY DO NOT REINFECT ONE ANOTHER.TRUE: Some STDs do not have any symptoms and can only be detected by lab tests.TRUE: Three of the most common STDs in the US are trichomoniasis, human papilloma virus, and chlamydia.
5 If untreated, all STDs eventually harm a person’s health. Basic InformationSome STDs can be fatal. Others have symptoms that are mild or unnoticeable.If untreated, all STDs eventually harm a person’s health.
6 How are STDs Spread? Sexually Transmitted Diseases can be spread by: Any type of sexual activity that brings an uninfected person in contact with body fluids from an infected person.Any sexual activity that results in contact between one person’s genitals and another person’s skin or mucous membranes, in which one of the persons is already infected with an STD.Direct contact with open sores.An infected mother to her baby before birth, during birth, or during breast-feeding.
7 Two Kinds of Sexual Transmission 1) Skin to Skin2) Body FluidS-SNB F
8 STD Transmission B F S-S Genital Herpes Genital Warts (HPV) Syphilis Pubic LiceScabiesChlamydiaGonorrheaHIVHepatitis AHepatitis BHepatitis C
9 Mistaken IdeasIn most cases, the bacteria and viruses that cause STDs cannot survive outside of the human body.Most of the bacteria and viruses that cause STDs cannot be spread through:Kissing, sharing eating utensils, holding hands, or using public toilets.Not all STDs can be treated and cured.Some, such as herpes are permanent.
10 Permanent Damage…All STDs can harm a person’s health and cause permanent damage.Some STDs result in painful sores that can recur throughout one’s life.Some STDs can lead to brain damage or cancer.Some STDs can leave a person unable to have children.Some STDs can even be fatal.
11 Class Activity Students will be handed a 3x5 card or slip of paper. With a pen/pencil and card/paper in hand, students will move about the classroom shaking hands or give fist bumps with 5 people making sure to write the name of each person they shook hands with on the card.Once you have 5 names on your card return to your seat and sit quietly.
12 Class Activity Reflection Take a minute and think about TV shows and movies you may watch.How often do people on TV/movies have sex with more than one partner?Do they ever discuss waiting for sex until they are ready to make a commitment?What are some examples?Were the consequences shown or discussed?
13 STDs: The Silent Epidemic An epidemic is the occurrence of more cases of a disease than expected.STDs are said to be a “silent epidemic” among teens and young adults.Many STDs are asymptomatic, which means you can have the disease without any symptoms.When there are no symptoms, a person may spread the disease without knowing it.Sexually active people should undergo regular testing for STDs at least once a year.
14 What’s going on in Clark County? The rate of chlamydia in 2009 was 304 cases per 100,000 residents.The overall incidence of chlamydia infections in women in 2008 was 2,198 infections per 100,000 femalesThe rate of gonorrhea for both genders was 28.8 cases per 100,000 residents.As of 12/2009 there were 424 people living with HIV or AIDS in our county.July 2010
15 Things you can do to protect yourself from STDs include: practicing abstinencestaying away from alcohol and drugsrespecting yourselflearning the facts aboutSTDs
16 Study Tip! Pay attention to what the MAIN symptoms are for each STD Pay attention to TREATMENT options or if there is none for each STD
17 STDs Caused by Bacteria Gonorrhea, SyphilisChlamydia, and Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID),
18 Bacterial STDs: pelvic inflammatory disease PID= infection of the upper female reproductive tract.Symptoms:Pain in the pelvic area or abdomenVaginal dischargeUnusually long/painful menstrual periodsSpotting between periodsFever and painful urinationTreatment: antibiotics are used to treat PID, but it does not repair damage that has already occurred.If untreated scars on the fallopian tubes or uterus can lead to infertility or ectopic pregnancies = egg implants outside of uterus usually in fallopian tube. Dangerous!Ectopic Pregnancy
19 Bacterial STDs: GONORRHEA Gonorrhea is an STD caused by bacteria.Symptoms in Females:Often no obvious symptomsPain during urinationVaginal discharge or bleedingSymptoms in Males:Discharge from the penisTreatment: Both partners take antibiotics at the same time.Gonorrhea is becoming more difficult to treat because the bacteria that cause it have become more resistant to antibiotics.Eyedrops are given at birth to prevent blindness caused by STDs passed from mother to newborn.
20 Bacterial STDs: Syphilis Syphilis is an STD caused by bacteria that can cause ulcers or chancres (pronounced: shānker).Symptoms in both males and females:Painless ulcer, called a chancreTreatment: Both partners take antibiotics at the same time.If treated in the early stages, syphilis can be cured.
21 Bacterial STDs: chlamydia Chlamydia is an STD caused by bacteria.Symptoms in Males & Females:Often no symptomsPain during urinationVaginal discharge or bleeding (FEMALES only)Discharge from the penis (MALES only)Treatment: Both partners take antibiotics at the same time.The highest rates of chlamydia infections in the United States are found in year olds.There are more new cases of chlamydia than any other STD reported each year in the U.S.
22 STDs Caused by Viruseshuman papilloma virus (HPV), genital herpes, hepatitis,human immuno-deficiency virus (HIV)
23 Human papilloma virus (HPV) viral STDs:Human papilloma virus (HPV)HPV is an STD caused by a group of viruses that can cause genital warts in males and females and cervical cancer in females.Symptoms in both males and females:Often no symptomsGenital and anal warts
24 HPV Treatment Treatment: THERE IS NO CURE. However, there’s a vaccine that prevents the types of genital (HPV) that cause most cases of cervical cancer and genital warts. The vaccine, Gardasil®, is given in three shots over six-months. The vaccine is routinely recommended for 11 and 12 year old girls. It is also recommended for girls and women age 13 through 26 who have not yet been vaccinated or completed the vaccine series.In a 4 year study 31% of year-old girls successfully completed all 3 doses.Warts can be treated, but will often return.Both males and females have a higher risk of developing genital cancers.HPV is responsible for more new STD cases than any other STD in the U.S. (all ages).TIME magazine 11/2010 for 4 yr. study
25 viral STDs: genital herpes Genital Herpes is an STD caused by a viral infection in the genital area.It is caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV).There are 2 types of HSV: HSV-1 and HSV-2.Most cases of genital herpes are HSV-2.Both types can be passed from mother to newborn during birth if the mother has genital sores at that time.Symptoms in both males and females:HSV-1: cold sores and fever blisters around the mouth *Many people with cold sores DO NOT have an STD.*HSV-2: mild/no symptoms, red bumps, blisters and recurrent sores on or around the genitalsTreatment: THERE IS NO CURE. Antiviral medications can shorten outbreaks and reduce their frequency.An infected person remains infected for life.
26 viral STDs: Hepatitis B & C The Hepatitis B virus attacks the liver and can cause illness and death.It’s transmitted when blood or other body fluids from an infected person enters the body of a person who has not been vaccinated against it.30% of people with HBV have no symptoms.Symptoms can include: jaundice, fatigue, abdominal pain, nausea/vomiting, joint pain, and loss of appetite.40% of those who get it can be treated with drugs.Hepatitis C is quite similar, but there is no vaccine or cure for it.
28 STDs Caused by Parasites pubic lice, scabies, and trichomoniasis
29 parasitic STDs: pubic lice Pubic lice are a strain of lice found in pubic hair of those infected. The lice are spread by skin-to-skin contact.Symptoms in both males and females:Can cause intense itching in the pubic areaTreatment: Medication can kill the lice. An infected person must wash clothes and bed linens in hot water to kill any remaining lice and their eggs.BOTH PARTNERS MUST BE TREATED TO PREVENT RE-INFECTION.
30 parasitic STDs: Scabies Is an STD caused by a protozoan, a single-celled animal that is just a little larger than a bacterium.Spread by skin-to-skin contact.Symptoms in females:Itching in the genital areaDischarge from the vaginaPainful urinationSymptoms in males:Usually no symptomsTreatment: Can be curedwith prescribed medicine.BOTH PARTNERS MUST BE TREATED TO PREVENT RE-INFECTION.
31 parasitic STDs: trichomoniasis Trichomoniasis is an STD caused by a protozoan (= a single celled organism).Symptoms in females:itching in the genital area.discharge from the vaginapainful urinationSymptoms in males:usually no symptomsTreatment: It can be cured with a prescribed medicine.
32 Being responsible about STDs People who are sexually active must get screened regularly.People who think they might have a sexually transmitted disease should do the following:Seek medical help right away.Complete the full course of medications.Have follow-up testing done.Avoid all sexual activity while being treated.Notify sexual partners.
33 Words of wisdom STDs can affect ANYONE. Your behavior now will affect you the rest of your life.It is important to understand and avoid behavior that places you at risk for contracting a STD.Practicing abstinence is the ONLY sure way to prevent STDs.
35 Presentation Resources This presentation was created using one or more of the following curricula:Department of Health, online resourcesCenter for Disease Control, online resourcesF.L.A.S.H. (Family Life and Sexual Health)Glencoe Health, 2007Glencoe Human Sexuality 2007Holt Lifetime Health 2004KNOW (HIV/STD Prevention) 1997Prentice Hall Health, 2007