2 What type of STD could possibly be causing this to happen?
3 What is an STI/STD?STD stands for sexually transmitted disease. Sexually transmitted diseases can also be called sexually transmitted infections (STIs). STDs are spread through sexual behavior or contact. Some STDs are also transmitted through skin-to-skin contact or body fluids such as blood, vaginal fluids, breast milk, pre-ejaculate, or semen.STDs generally infect the genital area (penis, scrotum, vulva, and vaginal opening), anus, or mouth, although they can spread to other parts of the body if left untreated.
4 PrevalenceSexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are among the most common infectious diseases in the United States today.More than 20 different STDs have been identified, and 13 million men and women are infected each year in the United States.An estimated 1 in 4 sexually active teens are infected with an STD
5 What kinds of STDs are out there? Bacterial infections are caused by a germ or bacteria. They include Chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis. These can usually be cured by taking antibiotics.Viral infections are carried in a person's body and can't be cured by medicine. They include herpes, HPV, Hepatitis B and C, and HIV. The symptoms--sores, warts, or other health problems--can be treated, but the virus may stay with the person for life, and can be passed to partners.Parasitic infections are tiny bugs that live in the pubic hair and genital area. They include scabies and pubic lice ("crabs"). They can be spread during sexual contact and from sharing bath towels, bedding, and clothing. Scabies and lice are generally eliminated with prescription soap.
6 Chlamydia Most common bacterial STD No symptoms in 80% of women and 50% of menDischarge from the vagina or the penis, burning or pain during urinationTransmitted through vaginal, oral, or anal sexual contactEctopic pregnancy and infertility for women most serious complications Treatable with antibiotics
7 Genital HerpesOne type of herpes typically causes cold sores in the mouth, and another type causes genital sores; however, each type can cause either type of infection. Recurring outbreaks of blister-like sores on the genitalsCan be transmitted from a mother to her baby during birthReduction in frequency and severity of blister outbreaks with treatment but not complete elimination of infection.
8 Hepatitis A, B, C, & DHepatitis B most often associated with sexual contactYellowish skin and eyes, fever, achy, tired, might feel like the fluSevere complications, including cirrhosis and liver cancerNo cure available, remission possible with some aggressive medicationsImmunizations available to prevent hepatitis A and B
9 Gonorrhea Discharge from the vagina or the penis Painful urination Ectopic pregnancy and infertility for women most serious complicationsTreatable with antibiotics
10 Syphilis Mild symptoms, often goes undetected initially Starts with painless genital ulcer that goes away on its ownRash, fever, headache, achy jointsTreatable with antibioticsMore serious complications associated with later stages of disease if undetected and untreated
11 HIV/AIDSSpread primarily by sexual contact and from sharing IV needlesCan be transmitted at the time a person becomes infected with other STDsFatigue, night sweats, chills or fever lasting several weeks, headaches, coughNo current cure and generally fatal, with death usually occurring after 2-3 years; medication available to slow disease progression
12 HIV/AIDS in NJThrough December of 2008 New Jersey had reported 54,557 cases of AIDS and ranked 5th out of the 50 states.Data for Morris County is available from the state as of December 31, As of that date…There were 1342 total cases of HIV/AIDS reportedOut of those 1342 cases, 640 deaths had occurredEstimated Rates of Persons Living with HIV/AIDS in New Jersey as of December 31, 2009One in 62 Black non-Hispanics were living with HIV/AIDS.One in 184 Hispanics were living with HIV/AIDS.One in 701 White non-Hispanics were living with HIV/AIDS.Source: New Jersey HIV/AIDS Reporting System as of December 31, 2009 and bridged-Race population estimates September 2008.
13 Pubic Lice Very tiny insects living in pubic hair Can be picked up from clothing or beddingFirst notice itching in the pubic areaTreatable with creams, anti-lice agents, and combing
14 Scabies Skin infection caused by a tiny mite Highly contagious Spread primarily by sexual contact or from contact with skin, infested sheets, towels, or furnitureTreatment with creams
15 HPV100 strains of the virus, 40 live in the genital area and are sexually transmitted75% of sexually active people will contract HPV during their lifetimeSpread through skin-to-skin contact and body fluid70% of cervical cancers are caused by only two strains90% of genital warts are caused by two different strainsCan only be prevented through complete sexual abstinence
16 DiagnosisSome STDs can be diagnosed without any tests at all. Other STDs require a blood test or a sample of any unusual fluid (such as an abnormal discharge from the vagina or the penis) to be analyzed in a lab to help establish a diagnosis.Some tests are completed while a person waits; other tests require a few days before a person may obtain the results.
17 TreatmentThe treatment of an STD varies depending on the type of STD. Some STDs require a person to take antibiotic medication either by mouth or by injection; other STDs require a person to apply creams or special solutions on the skin. Often, reexamination by a doctor is necessary after the treatment to confirm that the STD is completely gone.Some STDs, such as herpes and HIV (which leads to AIDS), cannot be cured, only controlled.
18 Prevention Avoid sexual contact with others. If people decide to become sexually active, they can reduce the risk of developing an STD in these ways:Be in a monogamous relationship (both sexual partners are each others' only sexual partner).Delay having sexual relations as long as possible. The younger people are when they become sexually active, the higher the lifetime risk for contracting an STD. The risk also increases with the number of sexual partners.Correctly and consistently use a male latex condom. Have regular checkups.Learn the symptoms of STDs.Avoid having sex during menstruation.Avoid anal intercourse or use a condom.Avoid douching.