2 STDsRefers to a group of diseases that can be passed from person to person during sexual activity (vaginal, anal, oral and skin to skin contact).Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI)Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD)Venereal Disease(VD)
3 STDs Spread by having sex with someone who already has the STD Anyone can get STDs. Age doesn’t matter.A person can have more than one STD at a time.STDs will not “just go away” you need the right medicine.
5 CHLAMYDIA Symptoms can occur up to 7-28 days after having sex May show no signs Symptoms in FemalesSymptoms in MalesVaginal dischargeBleeding between periodsBurning with urinationAbdominal painPain during sexWatery, white discharge from penisBurning with urinationFrequent need to urinateSwollen testicles
6 CHLAMYDIA Spread during vaginal, oral, and anal sex. Testing can be performed at your local health department or doctorDetected through urine or a swab of the area
7 CHLAMYDIA Treated with an antibiotic Treatment through the health department or doctorDamage to reproductive organs cannot be repairedPassed during childbirthCan be prevented by the use of condoms or abstinence
9 GENITAL WARTS/HPV Viral infection Small bumpy warts on the sex organs and rectal areaItching and burningSymptoms may occur up to 1-8 months after having sex
10 GENITAL WARTS/HPV 99% of cervical cancers are caused by HPV Can cause penis and anal cancersSpread during vaginal, oral, anal sex and also by touching someone who has genital warts (skin to skin contact)Passed during childbirth
11 GENTIAL WARTS/HPVCan be detected through a clinical exam by your local health department or doctorTreatment is available for outbreaks (no cure)Gardasil Vaccine is AVAILABLE FOR Females and Males (age 9-26)
13 GONORRHEA Symptoms can occur 2-21 days after having sex No symptoms or very mild symptoms Symptoms in femalesThick yellow or green vaginal dischargeBurning with urinationAbnormal periodsAbdominal painPain with sexSymptoms in malesThick yellow or greenish drip from penisBurning with urinationSwollen or tender testiclesFrequent urination
14 GONORRHEA Spread during vaginal, anal, and oral sex Get tested at your local health department or doctorTreatable with antibioticsOrgans damaged if not treated early.
15 GONORRHEA Can lead to infertility Can cause heart trouble, skin disease and blindnessOrgan damage is irreversibleCan be passed to baby during childbirthCan be prevented by the use of condoms or abstinence
17 Hepatitis B Symptoms Flu like feeling that does not go away Tiredness JaundiceDark urineLight colored stoolsSymptoms can occur from 1-9 months after having sex
18 HEPATITIS B Spread during vaginal, anal, and oral sex Spread by sharing needlesSpread by contact with infected bloodSpread during childbirthCan cause permanent liver damage or liver cancerHepatitis B vaccine is available
20 HIV HIV is the virus that causes aids HIV attacks and kills immunity cellsHIV positivePeople infected with HIV can go years without symptoms1 in 4 people who are infected with HIV do not know they are infected
22 AIDSFull blown AIDS is diagnosed when fighter cells reach a critical low numberSymptoms of AIDS can include : Fever, night sweats, fatigue, weight loss, swollen glands, rash, and frequent infections.Progression from HIV to AIDS can be slow years or fast <2years.
23 HIV/AIDS Can be transmitted through vaginal, oral, and anal sex Can be transmitted by needle sharing and contaminated bloodCan be transmitted mother to child during child birth and breastfeedingCannot be transmitted by touching, coughing, sneezing, dry kissing, toilet seats, utensils, mosquito bites, tears or salivaCan get tested at the health department, clinic or doctors office and also home test kits
24 AIDS IN KENTUCKYAs of Dec. 2009, there have been a total of 5,227 AIDS cases reported in KY since 1982Of those 2,669 are presumed living with AIDSIn 2007 there were 250 new AIDS cases reportedIn 2008 there were 258 new AIDS cases reportedAs of December 2009, there were a reported 15 cases of AIDS in Montgomery county, 12 still living
25 HIV/AIDS REDUCE YOUR RISK Abstinence is the only 100% way of preventing HIV/AIDSDo not share needles or body jewelryBe in a monogamous relationshipUse barrier methods (Condoms, etc…)Avoid other people’s bodily fluids
27 HERPES Small painful blisters Itching or burning before the blisters appearBlisters may last 1-3 weeksBlisters may go away but the virus remains in the bodySymptoms can occur days after having sex
28 HERPES Spread during vaginal, oral and anal sex Spread during genital touching with someone who has herpes (skin to skin contact)Spread mother to child during childbirthMedicines available to help with symptoms and prevent future breakouts
30 SYPHILIS 1ST STAGE A painless sore or sores on the mouth or sex organs Sore usually lasts 1-5 weeksSore goes away but you still have syphilisSymptoms occur up to 1-12 weeks after having sexCan be passed during childbirthCan be prevented with the use of condoms or abstinence
31 SYPHILIS2ND STAGESymptoms show up 1 week to 6 months after primary sore healsA rash anywhere on the body occursFlu like feelingsRash and flu like feelings go away but you still have syphilis
32 SYPHILISLATE STAGESymptoms include insanity, blindness, paralysis, personality changes, knee joint damage, impotency, heart disease, deathCan be cured with an antibioticTesting available through your local health department or doctorAny damage to organs is irreversible
34 TRICHOMONIASIS Symptoms can occur 3-14 days after having sex Symptoms in malesWatery, white drip from the penisBurning with urinationUrinating frequentlySymptoms in femalesItching, burningYellow, greenish or gray discharge
35 TRICHOMONIASIS SPREAD DURING VAGINAL SEX TESTING AND TREATMENT IS AVAILABLE THROUGH THE LOCAL HEALTH DEPARTMENT OR DOCTORIF UNTREATED MEN CAN GET INFECTIONS IN THE PROSTATE GLANDCAN BE PREVENTED WITH THE USE OF CONDOMS OR ABSTINENCE
36 REMEMBERWhen you have sex with someone, in a way you’re going to bed with all your partner’s past partners, and their past partners, and their past partners….So, if any of them had an STD, you could get it too.
37 STD PREVENTION Abstinence is the only 100% way to prevent STDs Have sex with only one uninfected partner who is not having sex with anyone else and only have sex with that partner.Use a latex condomGet testedKnow the signs and symptoms