Presentation on theme: "Sectionalism What issues divided the country and the legislation that tried to keep the country together."— Presentation transcript:
Sectionalism What issues divided the country and the legislation that tried to keep the country together.
The Missouri Compromise (1820) 1.Missouri enters as a slave state. 2.Maine enters as a free state. 3.Drew the 36 30 line that stated slavery could only exist south of that line. 4.This was negotiated by Henry Clay. 5.Kept balance - 12 Free and 12 Slave
The United States in 1820
The Compromise of 1850 1.California enters as a free state. 2.Creates New Mexico and Utah - decide slavery issue by vote- popular sovereignty. 3.Slave trade ends in Washington D.C. 4.Includes a strict fugitive slave law.
Kansas-Nebraska Act 1854 1.The Nebraska territory was to be divided. 2.This would create Kansas and Nebraska 3.The territories would decide the slavery issue by popular sovereignty 4.Led to violence as supporters for both sides use violent means.
Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854
The Dred Scott Case, 1857 Dred Scott was a slave who had lived in Virginia, Missouri, Illinois and Wisconsin. He moved back to Missouri with his owner. When his owner died Abolitionist lawyers took his case. They argued that since Dred Scott had lived in a free state at one point he was a free man. The case goes to the Supreme Court.
The Dred Scott Decision 1.Scott could not file a lawsuit because he was not a citizen but instead he was property. 2.The court declares that Congress cant decide the issue of slavery. 3.This makes the Missouri Compromise unconstitutional. 4.Now slavery could legally be a part of any state.