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BLOODSHED IN KANSAS Chapter 15, Section 3. Kansas-Nebraska Act  1854 Stephen Douglas of Illinois introduced a bill to set up a government for the Nebraska.

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Presentation on theme: "BLOODSHED IN KANSAS Chapter 15, Section 3. Kansas-Nebraska Act  1854 Stephen Douglas of Illinois introduced a bill to set up a government for the Nebraska."— Presentation transcript:

1 BLOODSHED IN KANSAS Chapter 15, Section 3

2 Kansas-Nebraska Act  1854 Stephen Douglas of Illinois introduced a bill to set up a government for the Nebraska Territory  Stretched from Texas, north to Canada and Missouri west to the Rocky Mountains.

3 Kansas-Nebraska Act  Kansas Nebraska Act  Proposed by Stephen Douglas  He proposed dividing the Nebraska territory into two territories, Kansas and Nebraska Popular sovereignty would decided the issue of slavery

4 Undoing the Missouri Compromise  Kansas-Nebraska Act would undo the Missouri Compromise  Missouri Compromise had banned slavery in Kansas in Nebraska

5 Undoing the Missouri Compromise  Southern leaders supported the Kansas- Nebraska Act  Thought slave owners from Missouri would move into Kansas So Kansas would become a slave state  With the help of President Franklin Pierce, Stephen Douglas pushed the bill through Congress

6 Northern Outrage  Northern reaction was angry  Slavery could now spread to areas that had been free for more than 30 years  Northerners protests  Challenged the Fugitive Slave Law

7 Northern Outrage  Citizens of Boston poured in to the streets to stop a caught fugitive slave from being sent to the South  Showed the antislavery feeling was rising in the North

8 Kansas Explodes  Proslavery and Antislavery forces sent forces to Kansas to fight for control on election day when popular sovereignty would decide the slave issue

9 Rushing to Kansas  Most new arrivals were farmers from neighboring states  Moved for cheap land  Few owned slaves  Abolitionist brought in more than 1,000 settlers from New England  Border ruffians: Proslavery settlers rode across the border from Missouri

10 Divided Kansas  1855 Kansas held elections to choose lawmakers  Hundred of border Ruffians crossed the border and voted illegally Helped elect a proslavery legislature

11 Divided Kansas  New legislation quickly passed laws to protect slavery  People could be put to death for helping slaves  Speaking out against slavery was a crime punishable with two years of hard labor

12 Divided Kansas  Antislavery settlers refused to accept these laws  Elected their own government

13 The first shots  1856 a band of proslavery men raided Lawrence, and smashed the press of a Free Soil newspaper

14 The first shots  John Brown, an abolitionist, who claimed God sent him t punish supporters of slavery, took his four sons to Pottawatomie Creek  Drug five proslavery settlers from bed and murdered them  These murders sparked more violence By 1856 more than 200 people had been killed  That territory is known as Bleeding Kansas

15 Bloodshed in the Senate  Charles Sumner of Massachusetts was a leading abolitionist senator  Denounced the proslavery legislation in Kansas  Attacked southern foes, singling out Andrew Butler senator from South Carolina Butler was not in the senate on the day of Sumner’s speech

16 Bloodshed in the Senate  Days later Butler’s nephew Congressman Preston Brook marched into the senate and beat Sumner with a cane  Southern defended brook’s actions  Northerners saw it as evidence that slavery leads to violence

17 The Dred Scott Decision  Dred Scott was a slave that lived in Missouri for many years  Later he moved with his owner to Illinois and then to Wisconsin territory was slavery was not allowed  They returned to Missouri and Scott’s owner died Antislavery lawyers filed a lawsuit saying Dred Scott was a free man because he has lived in a free territory

18 A sweeping decision  The case reached the Supreme Court  Dred Scott Decision  Dred Scott could not file a lawsuit because as a black he was not a citizen Justices agreed slaves were property

19 A sweeping decision  Congress did not have the power to outlaw slaver in any territory the Missouri compromise was unconstitutional slavery was legal in all territories

20 The nation reacts  In the North many people held public meetings  Northerners feared that slavery could spread throughout the West


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