Presentation on theme: "Conflict Leading to the Civil War foldable answers."— Presentation transcript:
Conflict Leading to the Civil War foldable answers
Instructions for Foldable: ◦Fold in half hotdog style. ◦Make 6 cuts, this gives you 7 tabs. ◦Labeling: ◦1 st tab- Conflict leading to the Civil War ◦Remaining tabs: Fugitive Slave Act Uncle Tom’s Cabin Kansas- Nebraska Act and Bleeding Kansas Dred Scott Decision John Brown’s Raid Fort Sumter
Fugitive Slave Act Required all citizens to capture runaway slaves. People who let fugitives escape could be fined $1000 and jailed. Special courts were set up to handle runaway cases. Judges became corrupt. They made money off of sending people back to the south.
Uncle Tom’s Cabin A novel written by Harriet Beecher Stowe in 1852. Purpose: To inform people about the evils of slavery and the injustice of the Fugitive Slave Act. Characters- ◦Uncle Tom: Enslaved African American ◦Simon Legree: Slave owner
Kansas- Nebraska Act Proposed by Senator Stephen Douglas Purpose-Southerners did want another free state entering the Union. Plan-The Nebraska Territory would be divided into 2 territories; Kansas and Nebraska. Settlers world decide the issue of slavery based on popular sovereignty.
Bleeding Kansas Pro-Slavery supporters raided an antislavery town called Lawrence, KS. John Brown, an abolitionist rode with 6 others to find the proslavery settlers. They murdered them. Started a violence spree throughout the region over 200 people were killed.
Dred Scott Decision Dred Scott had been enslaved for many years in Missouri. He moved to Illinois and the Wisconsin Territory with his owner. These places banned slavery. After returning to Missouri his owner died. Antislavery lawyers helped Scott file a lawsuit. The lawsuit argued that since Scott had lived in a free territory, he was a free man.
Dred Scott Decision In 1857, the Supreme Court ruled: ◦Scott could not file a lawsuit because he was enslaved. ◦Slaves were considered property and had no rights. Congress did not have the right to outlaw slavery in the territories… Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional.
John Brown’s Raid 1859, John Brown leads a raid at Harper’s Ferry, VA. Raided a federal arsenal so that he could give weapons to slaves for a revolt. No slaves arrived at the arsenal. John Brown was captured by Robert E. Lee and 10 others were killed. He was sentenced to death by hanging.
Fort Sumter Held by the Union, located near Charleston, South Carolina. April 11, 1861: Confederates demand the Union to give up the fort. Union Major Robert Anderson refuses and will not give up the fort until he commanded by the US government. Confederates open fire, Union supplies run low, and on April 13, 1861 Anderson surrenders the fort.