5 Case went to the Supreme Court for a decision-----National issue DRED SCOTT DECISIONSlave from Missouri who moved with his owner to Illinois & Wisconsin, both free.They moved back to Missouri, which still recognized him as a slave, & his master died.He sued his master’s widow for his freedom, claiming he should be free since he had lived on free land for four years.Case went to the Supreme Court for a decision-----National issueCan a slave sue for his freedom?Is a slave property?Is slavery legal?
6 Supreme Court hands down the Dred Scott decision Slaves cannot sue the U.S. for their freedom because they are property.They are not citizens and have no legal right under the Constitution.Supreme Court legalized slavery by saying that :Congress could not stop a slave owner from moving his slaves to a new territoryMissouri Compromise and all other compromises were unconstitutionalNorth refused to enforce Fugitive Slave LawFree states pass personal liberty laws.Republicans claim the decision is not bindingSoutherners call on the North to accept the decision if the South is to remain in the Union.
7 SUPREME COURT DECISIONS: Q: Was Scott a U.S. citizen with the right to sue?A: NOQ: Did living in a free territory make Scott a free man?A: NOQ: Did Congress have the right to outlaw slavery in any territory?A: NO
8 RESULTS:• Dred Scott was not given his freedom.• The Missouri Compromise was found to be unconstitutional.Open to slavery through popular sovereignty (Compromise of 1850)Open to slavery through popular sovereignty (KS-NE Act)Missouri Compromise line is declared unconstitutional (Dred Scott Decision)
10 Lincoln – Douglas Debates In 1858, Abraham Lincoln challenged incumbent Stephen Douglas for US Senate seat
11 Lincoln – Douglas Debates Stephen Douglas:• Lincoln wrong for wanting to end slavery.• If Lincoln tried to end slavery, the U.S. could face civil war.• Believed each territory should decide on its’ own whether or not to allow slavery by using popular sovereignty.
12 Lincoln – Douglas Debates Abraham Lincoln:• Lincoln believed slavery was evil and should be kept out of the territories.• Lincoln believed African Americans were guaranteed “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness”, as stated in the Declaration of Independence.Did NOT, however, call for the abolition of slavery… only that it not spread beyond it’s current borders.
14 LINCOLN--DOUGLAS DEBATES Lincoln and Douglas both ran for the U.S. Senate in Illinois in 1858.Debates followed by entire country -both candidates planning to run for President in 1860: Slavery was the big issueLincoln stated: “A House Divided against itself cannot stand. Either we become all one or all the other.” He was against the EXPANSION of slavery
15 LINCOLN--DOUGLAS DEBATES Douglas believed that slavery should be decided by the people: He was for popular sovereigntyThe Freeport Doctrine: “Honest Abe” tricked Douglas into admitting that Popular Sovereignty could work against expansion of slavery (what if S.C. says slavery can’t be touched?)… Southerners won’t support Douglas for presidency in 1860
16 Lincoln-Douglas Debates:Video (11:13) Illinois in 1858, showing state senate districts (left) and house districts (right)Results:Lincoln-Douglas Debates:Video (11:13)• Douglas won the election by a slim margin.• However, Lincoln became well known throughout the nation.