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A DIVIDED NATION Chapter 20. 20.2 Confronting the Issue of Slavery Issue 1: Missouri applied for statehood as a slave state. Northerners opposed/favored.

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Presentation on theme: "A DIVIDED NATION Chapter 20. 20.2 Confronting the Issue of Slavery Issue 1: Missouri applied for statehood as a slave state. Northerners opposed/favored."— Presentation transcript:

1 A DIVIDED NATION Chapter 20

2 20.2 Confronting the Issue of Slavery Issue 1: Missouri applied for statehood as a slave state. Northerners opposed/favored this because… Southerners opposed/favored this because…

3 20.2 Confronting the Issue of Slavery Issue 1: Missouri applied for statehood as a slave state. Northerners opposed/favored this because it would upset the balance of free & slave states in the Senate. Southerners opposed/favored this because there would be more slave states than free states in the Senate.

4 20.2 Confronting the Issue of Slavery Issue 2: The Tallmadge Amendment proposed that Missouri be admitted as a free state. Northerners favored/opposed this because… Southerners favored/opposed this because…

5 20.2 Confronting the Issue of Slavery Part 1: The Tallmadge Amendment proposed that Missouri be admitted as a free state. Northerners favored/opposed this because it would stop the spread of slavery into the Louisiana Territory. Southerners favored/opposed this because if Missouri were admitted as a free state, the North would have the votes in Congress to end slavery.

6 What actually happened? Missouri entered the Union as a slave state. Maine entered the Union as a free state. Congress drew a line at the 36 ° 30’ across the Louisiana Territory. Slavery was permitted south of that line & prohibited north of it The Missouri Compromise

7 20.4 The Missouri Compromise Unravels Issue 1: Abolitionists wanted to stop slavery in Washington, D.C., but Congress refused to consider anti-slavery petitions. Northern abolitionists were pleased/angered because… Southerners were pleased/angered because…

8 20.4 The Missouri Compromise Unravels Issue 1: Abolitionists wanted to stop slavery in Washington, D.C., but Congress refused to consider anti-slavery petitions. Northern abolitionists were pleased/angered because they wanted Congress to outlaw slavery in the capital. Southerners were pleased/angered because the South wanted no limitations placed on slavery.

9 20.4 The Missouri Compromise Unravels Issue 2: Some Northerners assisted fugitive slaves. Northerners tolerated/condemned this practice because… Southerners tolerated/condemned this practice because…

10 20.4 The Missouri Compromise Unravels Issue 2: Some Northerners assisted fugitive slaves. Northerners tolerated/condemned this practice because they felt slavery was wrong. Southerners tolerated/condemned this practice because they felt a runaway slave was lost property.

11 20.4 The Missouri Compromise Unravels Issue 3: The Wilmot Proviso stated slavery would not be allowed in the Mexican Cession. Northerners favored/opposed this amendment because… Southerners favored/opposed this amendment because…

12 20.4 The Missouri Compromise Unravels Issue 3: The Wilmot Proviso stated slavery would not be allowed in the Mexican Cession. Northerners favored/opposed this amendment because they wanted to prevent the expansion of slavery into territories. Southerners favored/opposed this amendment because they felt Congress had no right to tell slaveholders where they could take their property.

13 20.4 The Missouri Compromise Unravels Issue 4: California applied for admission as a free state. Northerners favored/opposed admitting California as a free state because… Southerners favored/opposed admitting California as a free state because…

14 20.4 The Missouri Compromise Unravels Issue 4: California applied for admission as a free state. Northerners favored/opposed admitting California as a free state because it would create more free states than slave states in Congress. Southerners favored/opposed admitting California as a free state because it would make the slaves states a minority in Congress.

15 Slavery in Washington D.C.? Northerners assisting fugitive slaves? Slavery in New Mexico/Utah? Slavery in California? Compromise

16 What actually happened? California was admitted as a free state. New Mexico & Utah were organized as territories open to slavery. The slave trade was ended in Washington, D.C. A strong fugitive slave law was passed The Compromise of 1850

17 20.6 The Compromise Satisfies No One Issue 1: The Fugitive Slave Law caused bitterness between the North & the South. Northerners were satisfied/dissatisfied with the way the Fugitive Slave Law was enforced because… Southerners were satisfied/dissatisfied with the way the Fugitive Slave Law was enforced because…

18 20.6 The Compromise Satisfies No One Issue 1: The Fugitive Slave Law caused bitterness between the North & the South. Northerners were satisfied/dissatisfied with the way the Fugitive Slave Law was enforced because they were asked to help slave catchers. Southerners were satisfied/dissatisfied with the way the Fugitive Slave Law was enforced because northerners refused to obey it.

19 20.6 The Compromise Satisfies No One Issue 2: The book Uncle Tom’s Cabin told the story of a slave & his master. The book was popular/unpopular in the North because… The book was popular/unpopular in the South because…

20 20.6 The Compromise Satisfies No One Issue 2: The book Uncle Tom’s Cabin told the story of a slave & his master. The book was popular/unpopular in the North because it aroused powerful emotions against slavery. The book was popular/unpopular in the South because it turned people against slavery.

21 20.6 The Compromise Satisfies No One Issue 3: The Kansas-Nebraska Act stated that the issue of slavery in those territories would be decided by popular sovereignty. Northerners were pleased/unhappy about the act because… Southerners were pleased/unhappy about the act because…

22 20.6 The Compromise Satisfies No One Issue 3: The Kansas-Nebraska Act stated that the issue of slavery in those territories would be decided by popular sovereignty. Northerners were pleased/unhappy about the act because it overturned the Missouri Compromise & allowed slavery north of the 36°30’ in the Louisiana Territory. Southerners were pleased/unhappy about the act because they could take slaves into the Louisiana Territory.

23 20.6 The Compromise Satisfies No One Issue 4: The Dred Scott case—Dred Scott was a slave who believed his trip to Wisconsin made him a free man. Northerners probably believed he was free/still a slave because… Southerners probably believed he was free/still a slave because…

24 20.6 The Compromise Satisfies No One Issue 4: The Dred Scott case—Dred Scott was a slave who believed his trip to Wisconsin made him a free man. Northerners probably believed he was free/still a slave because he had lived in a free territory. Southerners probably believed he was free/still a slave because they felt slave owners should have the right to take their slaves anywhere.

25 What actually happened? Scott could not sue for his freedom in a federal court because he was not a citizen (nor could any African American ever become a U.S. citizen). Scott’s stay in Wisconsin did not make him a free man because the Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional. Congress cannot ban slavery in the territories The Compromise Satisfies No One

26 20.8 From Compromise to Crisis Issue 1: During the Lincoln-Douglas debates, positions regarding slavery were made clear. Lincoln, representing the opinion of the North, felt slavery was a legal/moral issue because… Douglas, representing the opinion of the South, felt slavery was a legal/moral issue because…

27 20.8 From Compromise to Crisis Issue 1: During the Lincoln-Douglas debates, positions regarding slavery were made clear. Lincoln, representing the opinion of the North, felt slavery was a legal/moral issue because he felt slavery was wrong. Douglas, representing the opinion of the South, felt slavery was a legal/moral issue because he felt the slavery issue was settled through the Dred Scott decision.

28 20.8 From Compromise to Crisis Issue 2: John Brown attended the arsenal at Harpers Ferry to get weapons for a slave rebellion. Some northerners upset/reassured southerners after Brown’s raid because… Southerners were unconcerned/fearful about Brown’s raid because…

29 20.8 From Compromise to Crisis Issue 2: John Brown attended the arsenal at Harpers Ferry to get weapons for a slave rebellion. Some northerners upset/reassured southerners after Brown’s raid because they considered Brown a hero. Southerners were unconcerned/fearful about Brown’s raid because slave rebellions might spread throughout the South.

30 20.8 From Compromise to Crisis Issue 3: In 1860 Abraham Lincoln was elected President. Northerners were happy/unhappy about the election because… Southerners were happy/unhappy about the election because…

31 20.8 From Compromise to Crisis Issue 3: In 1860 Abraham Lincoln was elected President. Northerners were happy/unhappy about the election because Lincoln was opposed to the spread of slavery. Southerners were happy/unhappy about the election because they had lost most of their political power.

32 What actually happened? South Carolina & six other states seceded from the Union. South Carolina fired on Fort Sumter From Compromise to Crisis


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