2Nationalism vs. Sectionalism NATIONALISM – A BELIEF AND FEELING OF PATRIOTIC PRIDE IN YOUR NATION. “U.S. a world within itself”SECTIONALISM – A PRIDE IN ACHIEVEMENT OF ITS OWN REGION OR SECTION.
3Sectional Differences Effort by Congress to defuse the sectional and political rivalriesTriggered by the request of Missouri as admission to US as a slave stateUnited States consisted of 22 states, evenly divided between slave and free.Missouri would upset that balanceWould also represent Congressional support for expansion of slavery
4Missouri Compromise Argument of admitting Missouri as a slave state Congressman James Tallmadge of New York proposed Missouri as Free stateMaine which was a part of Massachusetts wanted statehoodSpeaker of the House, Henry Clay suggested Maine be admitted as free state, and Missouri slave stateCame to be known as Missouri Compromise of 1820Keeps the balance of power between free and slave states
5What does it Do?Prohibited slavery in the Louisiana Territory north of the 36° 30´ latitude line.Repealed in 1854 by the Kansas-Nebraska Act.Declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court in the Dred Scott decisionruled that Congress did not have the authority to prohibit slavery in the territories.Holds the Union together for another 40 years
12Compromise of 1850 Henry Clay drafts another plan California would be admitted as a free state and slave trade abolished in Washington D.C.Congress would pass no more laws regarding slavery in the new territories from MexicoCongress would pass laws to help recapture runaway slaves become known as the Fugitive Slave Act.
14Uncle Tom’s Cabin Written by Harriet Beecher Stowe Portrayed the moral issues of slaveryPlay increased popularity of bookVery popular in the North, Southerners believed it falsely criticized the south and slavery
15Kansas-Nebraska Act1854 Senator Stephen A. Douglas of Illinois drafts a bill to organize Nebraska TerritoryTerritory to be settled by popular sovereigntyPopular Sovereignty: residents vote to decide an issueTerritory to be divided into two territories of Kansas and NebraskaRepealed the Missouri Comprise of 1820
16“Bleeding Kansas”The name Bleeding Kansas refers to the violent sectional conflicts in the American Midwest in the mid to late 1850s.Also referred to as Bloody Kansas or the Border War, Bleeding Kansas was a very significant event in American History illustrating the depth of the struggle between “slave” and “free” states.
17John Brown Extreme abolitionist Led Pottawatomie Massacre which led to five slave-owners being murderedLed to civil war in KansasContinued for three yearsBecame known as “Bleeding Kansas
18Outcomes In the conflicts and actual battles preceding the Civil war, about 55 people died total.Although the South had tried to get Kansas to become a slave state, Kansas became free in the end, reflecting a prevailing sentiment of antislavery.The murder and mayhem of Bleeding Kansas were not actual Civil War battles, but they foreshadowed the deadly conflict that was quickly approaching.
19Dred ScottDred Scott was a slave who sued for his freedom, since he had been taken to a territory where slavery was illegalWent to the Supreme Court Dred Scott vs. Sanford
20The Decision Court ruled that: Slaves were not citizens and therefore could not sueSlaves are property and the U.S. cannot deprive any citizen of taking their property into U.S. territoriesDenied citizenship to slaves and free blacks, making the Missouri Compromise unconstitutional
21Homestead Act of 1862 Offered 160 acres of free land Live on it for 5 years and improve it