Presentation on theme: "The Crisis Turns Violent Why did a civil war break out in Kansas? How did the Dred Scott decision divide the nation?"— Presentation transcript:
The Crisis Turns Violent Why did a civil war break out in Kansas? How did the Dred Scott decision divide the nation?
Kansas-Nebraska Act Written by Stephen Douglas. Slavery issue decided by popular sovereignty. Northerners outraged – it in effect, repealed the Missouri Compromise. Slavery could now be spread to areas that had been free for more than 30 years. (see textbook map on page 431.)
Bleeding Kansas Testing ground for popular sovereignty. Proslavery and Antislavery forces fought it out. Both groups moved into Kansas in order to sway the vote. Border Ruffians voted illegally and elected a proslavery legislature – laws to support slavery. Antislavery forces elect their own governor and legislature. Trouble was brewing
Bleeding Kansas II 1856 – proslavery men attack Lawrence, Kansas; destroying homes of antislavery forces John Brown and 6 others rode to a proslavery town and killed 5 proslavery settlers. Both sides engage in guerilla warfare – more than 200 people were killed. Newspapers call it “Bleeding Kansas”
Dred Scott Case Supreme Court Case 1857 Dred Scott – Background Information lived for many years as a slave in Missouri. later moved with his owner to Illinois and Wisconsin (slavery NOT allowed there) Scott’s owner dies, people help him file a lawsuit for his freedom. Since he lived in a free territory, he should be considered a free man.
Supreme Court Decision Court said he could not file a lawsuit b/c he was not a citizen. Slaves are property. Congress did not have the power to outlaw slavery in any territory. Missouri Compromise is unconstitutional. Northern outrage.