Presentation on theme: "US History EOC Review Flashcards for Guaranteed Vocabulary on the Final Exam."— Presentation transcript:
US History EOC Review Flashcards for Guaranteed Vocabulary on the Final Exam
The LA Purchase doubled the size of the US but also increased sectionalism. Who would decide whether new territory was slave or free? This legislation made the following compromises: –North of the line would enter as free states –South of the line would enter as slave states –Exception: MO north of line but slave state –ME sectioned off from MA and entered as free state to balance power in Senate The South would continue to argue that Congress did not have the power to ban slavery in the Northern territories.
Missouri Compromise of 1820
Legislation proposed by Henry Clay in response to sectionalism over the issue of slavery. Proposals passed: –CA enters as a free state –Popular sovereignty in NM & UT –Slave trade (NOT slavery) banned in D.C. –Fugitive Slave Act –TX gets $10 M to give up NM territory As tensions rose between N & S, politicians tried to compromise, but their efforts only stalled the war to come. –Northerners were angry about Fugitive Slave Act –Southerners were angry about CA (in general about federal power over state power)
Compromise of 1850
Legislation proposed by Illinois Senator Stephen A. Douglas MO Compromise of 1820 had banned slavery for the Kansas- Nebraska territory Repealed the MO Compromise by allowing the KS and NE territories to use popular sovereignty to decide slavery issue. Resulted in rapid settlement of the area & violence that came to be known as Bleeding Kansas