2Setting the StageIn 1819 there are 11 Free States in the North and 11 Slave States in the SouthRepresentation in Congress is balancedBUT…New states wanted to be addedshould they be free or slave?Which side will get more power in government?
3Missouri Compromise Developed by Henry Clay Tried to keep balance between number of free and slave states in govt. (wanted same number of representatives)Missouri was added as slave stateMaine was added as a free stateImaginary line drawn at 36’30 (north of line was free territory, south of line was slave)
5Compromise of 1850California wanted to enter as free state- this would upset the balance in govt.Compromise allowed California to enter as a free stateUtah and New Mexico use popular sovereignty (vote) on slaverySlave trade in Washington D.C. would be ended- no new slaves importedStrict Fugitive Slave law to capture runaway slaves
7Fugitive Slave ActMade it a crime to help runaway slaves and allowed police to arrest suspected fugitive slavesSlaves not allowed to testify at their own trialJudges paid more to find slaves guilty ($5 innocent, $10 guilty)
9Kansas-Nebraska Divided land into states Kansas and Nebraska Each state would vote on whether or not to allow slaveryElections were corrupt and violent“Bleeding Kansas”Bloodshed over slavery issues- predicts the battles of the civil war
12Dred Scott Slave that moved with his owner to the free state Wisconsin When his owner died, Dred Scott sued for his freedomSupreme Court ruled that slaves were not citizens, had no legal rightsUnconstitutional to prevent slavery- govt. could not control a person’s property
14Election of 1860Lincoln wins presidential election- would not end slavery, but would not allow it to expand to new statesSouth worried about way of life and began secession- formally leaving the countrySouth Carolina first to leave, followed by Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Texas, Georgia, and Louisiana