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Britain’s Tightening Control

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1 Britain’s Tightening Control
Reading Review Chapter 8

2 Problems in the Colonies
There were serious disagreements between the 13 British colonies and the British government. No colonists were allowed to be elected to the British Parliament in London.

3 Parliament passed many taxes that the colonists had to pay
Parliament passed many taxes that the colonists had to pay. Colonists called this “no taxation without representation”. The British believed that they had the right to tax the colonists because they paid to defend the colonies in the French and Indian War. The Declaratory Act stated that Parliament did have the right to tax the colonies.

4 Some American colonists did not like the British government interfering in their lives.
Colonists believed that the British government did not understand colonial life or the hardships (difficulties) brought about by heavy taxation. Instead of giving the colonists more independence, the British government passed more laws.

5 Royal Proclamation of 1763 Parliament issued the Royal Proclamation of 1763, which ordered colonists NOT to settle west of the Appalachian Mountains. The British government believed this would keep peace with Native Americans. The colonists thought the British government SHOULD NOT interfere.


7 Sugar Act The Sugar Act of 1764 placed taxes on molasses, coffee, sugar, wine, and silk.

8 Stamp Act In 1765, Parliament passed the Stamp Act. This act was designed to raise more money to pay for the French and Indian War. The Stamp Act forced colonists to pay a tax on almost everything printed on paper – newspapers, legal documents, pamphlets – even playing cards. The colonists reacted so strongly against this tax that Parliament repealed (withdrawn) it 1 year later.

9 Townshend Acts In 1767, Parliament passed the Townshend Acts, which taxed lead, glass, paper, wine and tea imported to the colonies. Colonists resisted by boycotting these items. Finally, the tax was repealed (withdrawn) on everything except tea.

10 Boston Tea Party In December 1773, the Boston Tea Party took place. Massachusetts patriots dumped 340 chests of tea into the Boston harbor to protest the British East India Company’s monopoly (control) on tea trade.

11 Coercive Acts To punish the colonists for dumping the tea, the British passed even stricter laws. The colonists called these laws the Coercive (Intolerable) Acts, because the colonists decided they would not tolerate (accept) the laws.

12 The Coercive (Intolerable) Acts closed the port of Boston.

13 Steps Leading to Rebellion
Legislation Date What it Did Royal Proclamation of 1763 1763 Set boundaries for western expansion Sugar Act 1764 Tightened customs reinforcement on sugar and molasses; lowered prices Stamp Act 1765 Taxed certain documents Declaratory Act 1766 Stated that Britain could tax the colonists Townshend Acts 1767 Taxed glass, lead, paint, paper, tea Tea Act 1773 East India Company given sole control of tea trade “Intolerable” Acts 1774 Closed port of Boston

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