Why was England taxing the colonists? ●To pay for the debts of the French and Indian war
Key Terms to Know King George III - said that England protected the colonists during the French and Indian War so colonists should pay for it through taxes boycott - refuse to buy something Parliament - British legislature. Helped make laws and acts for England and the colonies
“No Taxation Without Representation” ●Colonies were not represented in Britain’s government. The colonists were unhappy they had to pay taxes when they had no say in how they were being taxed.
Sugar Act (1764) Definition: Taxed colonists on sugar, coffee, indigo and certain kinds of wine. British reason: Paying costs for defending colonies reducing smuggling Colonist reaction: Colonists protested the act until it was repealed boycotts
Stamp Act (1765) Definition: Required colonists to buy a British stamp for every piece of paper they purchased British reason: Paying costs for defending colonies Colonist reaction: Stamps were often ignored protests through documents, mobs, debates
Items for which stamps had to be purchased Legal Documents Calendars Ships Papers Donations Diplomas Certificates Declarations Official documents Advertisments Licenses Playing Cards Publications Newspapers Wills Almanacs Court Orders
Quartering Act (1765) Definition: Required the American Colonies to provide British soldiers with housing British reason: Make sure the colonists paid their taxes and followed the law “protection” Colonist reaction: protests, refusing to house soldiers, rude treatment of soldiers
Townshend Act (1767) Definition: taxed colonists on glass, leads, paints, and tea imported to the colonies British reason: raising money for British government and defending colonies Colonist reaction: protests and boycotts
Tea Act (1773) Definition: Prohibited colonists from buying tea from anyone except the British East India Tea Co. British reason: Paying for the costs of defending colonies and to Save East India Tea Co. Colonist reaction: boycotts, Boston Tea Party
Exit Ticket Explain what the phrase “No taxation without representation” means in your own words. Name two different Acts we learned about and tell what each act did to the colonists.