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Beginnings of Revolution The Struggle for Independence.

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Presentation on theme: "Beginnings of Revolution The Struggle for Independence."— Presentation transcript:

1 Beginnings of Revolution The Struggle for Independence

2 Navigation Acts Date What the Act Did: All goods shipped to and from the colonies had to be carried by British ships The British were trying to restrict trading and shipping Colonist Reaction - Colonists mainly ignored them and “followed them” British Action - The British Act was obeyed so no action had to be taken

3 Proclamation of 1763 Date - Issued October 7, 1763 by King George III What the Act Did - Followed the end of the French and Indian War and forbade all settlers from settling to the west of the Appalachian mountains The British were trying to stabilize their colonies in one area Colonist Reaction - Colonists moved anyways and ignored the law British Action – little to no enforcement of the Proclamation

4 Sugar Act Date - Passed by the Parliament of Great Britain on April 5, 1764 What the Act Did - This act taxed sugar, molasses, coffee, wine, silk, and indigo; couldn't import foreign rum or wine Colonist Reaction - Colonists refused to pay the tax and would smuggle the items into the country and use them British Action - The British tried to enforce it and hoped the tax would be collected but it usually was not

5 Quartering Act Date - Issued in 1765 What the Act Did - Required all colonists to feed and shelter British troops Colonist Reaction - Northern colonies protested over troops stationed in port cities and resisted the act British Action - The Quartering Act was eliminated in 1770 because of resistance but was then reinstated in 1774

6 Stamp Act Date - Instated in 1765 What the Act Did - The act required that all printed documents carry tax stamps (ex: newspapers, legal papers, playing cards) Colonist Reaction - The colonists protested and boycotted British goods; the Sons of Liberty (group of American Patriots) formed British Action - The British repealed the Act in 1766 because boycotts were hurting British trade

7 Declaratory Act Date - Instated in 1766 What the Act Did - Stated that Parliament had the same authority over the colonies as it did to Great Britain – including the right to tax the colonies and make laws Colonist Reaction - Colonists were outraged and upset because they thought this was just the first of more imposing acts British Action – Continued to make laws and tax the colonists

8 Townshend Acts Date - A series of Acts placed on the colonists in 1767 What the Act Did - These taxed wine, tea, paper, glass, lead and paint Colonist Reaction - The colonists formed non- importation associations; some colonists boycotted English luxury goods British Action - The British reacted by repealing all taxes except the one on tea in 1770

9 Tea Act Date - Put in place in 1773 What the Act Did - The Tea Act gave the British East India Company the ability to ship tea straight to the colonies; it cut the price of tea, but was still taxed Colonist Reaction - This act inspired to Boston Tea Party, Edenton Tea Party and others British Action - The colonist reaction led to the establishment of the Intolerable Acts

10 Coercive (Intolerable) Acts Date - Established in 1774 What the Acts Did - These Acts closed the port of Boston until the tea was paid for; reinstated Quartering Act; appointed a new royal governor; and placed the entire Massachusetts colony under military control Colonist Reaction - Colonists reacted by sending help to Boston in the form of food and goods; 1st Continental refused to obey the Acts and trade British Action - The British responded by ordering the Massachusetts governor to enforce Acts using necessary force ULTIMATELY led to WAR


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