Presentation on theme: "Road to the American Revolution"— Presentation transcript:
1 Road to the American Revolution The events that lead to the American Revolution
2 French and Indian War Date: 1754-1763 A war between France and England over the Ohio Territory.England wins and the French give up all their land in North America.
3 Proclamation Line of 1763 Date: 1763 British government forbade English Colonists to settle(move) West of theAppalachian Mountains.Reaction:Upset and many people movedWest anyway
4 Sugar Act Date: 1764 Put a tax on Sugar, Molasses and other products It was strictly enforcedthere were harsh punishmentsfor smuggling sugar products in.Reaction:Merchants were upset, began the cried,“No taxation without representation”
5 Stamp Act Date: 1765 A tax was placed on all legal and commercial documents(diplomas, contracts, newspapers)This was a NEW tax for theColonists and they didn’t like itReaction:Boycotted British goods9 colonies met in New York to decidewhat to doSecret groups formed to organize protests(most famous: Sons of Liberty lead by Sam Adams)
6 Townshend Acts Date: 1767 Put tax on glass, paper, paint, lead, and tea to raise money to pay for the British officials in the coloniesReaction:Colonists once again protestedAnd boycott British goods.British repeal all but one of the taxes.They keep the TEA TAX!
7 Boston Massacre Date: 1770 1000 new British soldiers show up in Boston, MABritish soldiers and dockWorkers get in a fightShots are fired and 5 colonists are killed, including Crispus Attucks.Reaction:Colonists use the event as anti-British propaganda in newspapers.
8 Boston Tea Party Date: 1773 The Sons of Liberty organized the Boston Tea party in responseto the Tea ActMen disguised as Native Americans went on 3 tea ships in Boston harbor and dumped 342 chests of tea in the harbor.Reaction:Britain responded with more taxes and tighter control on the colonies.
9 Intolerable Acts Date: 1774 Laws to punish Massachusetts For the Boston Tea PartyLaws:Closed Boston HarborNo Town Hall meetingsMust house British troopsBritish General new governorReaction:Colonists start the First Continental CongressBans trade with BritainOrganizes Militias (armies)
10 Battles of Lexington and Concord Date: April 19, 1775First battle of the AmericanRevolution(Shot Heard Around the World)Reaction:WAR! Americans have to choose sides:Loyalist: supported the BritishPatriots: supported the rebels
11 Declaration of Independence Date: July 1776The Second Continental Congressdecides to break away from EnglandThomas Jefferson wrote most of itExplained the reasons why thecolonies wanted their independenceReaction:King George the Third rejected colonialIndependence and the war starts