2 The Proclamation of 1763 – a treaty giving the Indians all the land west of the Appalachian Mountains.Angered the colonists because it kept them from moving west.A right they believed they earned after their victory in the French and Indian War.
3 The Sugar Act (1764) – the Sugar Act actually lowered taxes from the Molasses Act, but was intended to be more strictly enforced.Enforcement allowed officials to search peopleshomes without cause.It also took away the right to trial by jury andforced the accused to prove their innocence.The colonists were angry about the newenforcements, but still found ways to smugglein the sugar.
4 “ No Taxation without Representation!” The Stamp Act (1765) –the Stamp Act put a tax on ALL printed goods including: books, mail papers, newspapers, official forms, dice, cards, etc.The angry colonistscried out…“ No Taxation without Representation!”
5 The colonies were so angry that they created the Stamp Act Congress with representatives from most of the colonies.The congress decided to boycott, refuse to buy, all printed goods.It worked! England repealed, discontinued, the Stamp Act.Also at this time, SamuelAdams created the Sonsof Liberty, a group ofcolonists who beganpushing for independence.
6 WHO has the WHO has the power to power to tax? spend the taxes? While the colonist’s celebrated their victoryover the Stamp Act, England passed theDeclaratory Act (1766), which stated thatParliament had the right to tax and makedecisions forthe colonies “in all cases.”The colonists might have won one battle, butthe argument over who makes decisions forthe colonies had just begun.
7 The Townshend Acts (1767) – a law putting taxes on several imported goods like: lead, glass, tea, etc.The colonists fought against these taxes with further boycotts of British goods.In fact, colonists were encouraged not to buy any British Goods.The Daughters of Liberty organized themselves to teach each other how to make their own cloth and do other things to keep from buying British goods.
8 The Boston Massacre – (March 1770) started as a snowball fight and escalated into an angry mob. Five colonists were killed, including Crispus Attucks, the first free African American killed for the cause.The Committee of Correspondence was created, tocommunicate any further British conflicts to all thecolonies. Colonists used the Boston Massacre aspropaganda, information designed to influenceopinion, against the British.
9 The Tea Act of 1773 – Most of the Townshend Acts were repealed, but the tea tax was reinforced by the Tea Act.The Tea Act allowed the East India Company not to pay the tea taxes.In protest, several of the Sons of Liberty dressed like Indians and boarded several ships in Boston harbor and dumped the tea overboard. This became known as the Boston Tea Party.
10 The Colonists quickly referred to these laws as the Intolerable Acts. The Coercive Acts (1774)/ the Intolerable Acts - King George was furious about the Boston Tea Party. He insisted the colonists must be punished. The punishments included:Boston Harbor was closed – no goods in or out of BostonNo more town meetings. Assemblies were sent homeBritish soldiers were sent to Boston to enforce these new lawsBostonians were forced to allow British soldiers to stay in their homesThe Colonists quickly referred to these laws asthe Intolerable Acts.
11 The Continental Congress The colonists believed that many of their rights as British citizens had been taken away. The Continental Congress with representatives from each of the colonies met together to decide what to do.
12 1st Continental Congress (1774) (Met to decide what to do about the Intolerable Acts.)55 delegates from all colonies(except Georgia)They met at Independence Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.They drafted a statement of grievances to the king against 13 acts of Parliament that they felt violated colonial rights.They voted to boycott all British goods and trade.They encouraged each of the colonies to create a militia to protect themselves.
13 WAR Steps to the Revolution British Actions Each step moved us closer to warBritish ActionsThe Coercive ActsThe Tea ActThe Townshend ActsThe Boston MassacreThe Intolerable ActsThe Proclamationof 1763The Stamp ActThe Sugar ActWARColonial Responses1st Continental CongressThe Boston Tea PartyMore boycotts & Daughters of LibertyThe Committee of CorrespondenceThe Stamp Act Congress & Sons of LibertyColonists were angrySmuggling