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The American Revolutionary War 1775-1783 Resistance ~ Rebellion ~ Revolution.

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Presentation on theme: "The American Revolutionary War 1775-1783 Resistance ~ Rebellion ~ Revolution."— Presentation transcript:

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2 The American Revolutionary War Resistance ~ Rebellion ~ Revolution

3 Events Leading up to the Revolutionary War

4 1. Proclamation Line a. When: 1763 b. What: Imaginary line at the Appalachian Mountains Colonists could not move West of the Appalachian Mountains Native Americans could not move East of the Appalachian Mountains c. Why: England wanted to prevent future fighting between colonists and Native Americans

5 Angry Colonists Angry Colonists *********** Virginia farmers were looking for new land for tobacco Speculators wanted to make $ on land out West

6 2. Sugar Act a. When: 1764 b. Who: George Grenville – Chancellor of the Exchequer (British treasurer) c. What: Sugar act was a tax on sugar Replaced old Molasses Act Lowered the original tax from 6 cents to 3 cents Additional tax on wine and coffee d. Why: England must raise $ to pay war debts

7 Angry Colonists Angry Colonists *********** Not used to paying the tax before or bribed tax officials

8 3. Stamp Act a. When: 1765 b. What: Tax on everyday paper products Examples: newspapers, magazines, calendars, insurance policies, playing cards c. Punishment: If caught not paying the tax, then tried in England with no jury

9 Angry Colonists Angry Colonists *********** Refused to buy British goods = boycott Formed the Stamp Act Congress to repeal the Stamp Act (1766)

10 4. Declaratory Act a.When: 1766 b. What: England’s Parliament had the power to make all laws for the colonies

11 Angry Colonists Angry Colonists *********** 100 years of self- governing colonies were over! The Declaratory Act of 1766 asserted that Parliament: “ had, hath, and of right ought to have, full power and authority to make laws and statutes of sufficient force and validity to bind the colonies and people of America, subjects of the Crown of Great Britain, in all cases whatsoever.”

12 5. Townshend Acts a. When: 1767 b. Who: Charles Townshend – new Chancellor of the Exchequer c. What: More taxes Examples: paper, paint, glass, lead, and tea Also, the English replaced all colonial port officials with English ones

13 Angry Colonists Angry Colonists *********** “No taxation without representation”

14 6. Boston Massacre a. When: 1770 b. Why: Still have angry colonists: Refusing to import British goods Smuggling goods Not paying taxes c. What: England brought in troops to force laws upon colonists

15 Angry Colonists Angry Colonists *********** d. event: * Colonists threw snowballs at the British troops * British troops fired and killed 5 colonists e. Propaganda: Bloodthirsty British killed innocent American colonists f. Who: Sam Adams – colonial rebel

16 7. Boston Tea Party a. When: 1773 b. What: British East India Co. had a monopoly on tea Colonists were forced to buy the tea from that company and pay a tax

17 Angry Colonists Angry Colonists *********** c. event: Colonists threw 342 chests of tea into the Boston Harbor d. Who: led by Sam Adams

18 8. Intolerable Acts a.When: 1774 b. What: Many new English rules Closed the Boston port No more town meetings British took over the taverns Disobeying the British laws was punishable by death

19 9. Quartering Act a.When: 1774 b. What: British officials took over colonial homes


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