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Published byMartina Shelton Modified over 7 years ago
Mandate of Heaven and the Dynastic Cycle
Mandate of Heaven The belief that heaven granted a ruler a mandate or ‘divine right to rule’ Linked Power and Responsibility In exchange for loyalty, the ruler must maintain order In exchange for loyalty, the ruler must maintain order Rulers need Mandate of Heaven to rule If lost, the people were allowed to rebel.
Accomplishments Est. a strong, central government Bring peace and order Give land to peasants Build roads, defensive walls and irrigation systems Support education and arts
Failures & Losing the Mandate Allow Corruption Lose military power Raise taxes Spend $ on luxuries Fail to reinforce walls, and irrigation Harsh ruler
Problems: Sign the Mandate is Lost Chaos Floods Invasions Peasant rebellions Poor harvests
Dynastic Cycle AAAA strong leader emerges and establishes a new dynasty CCCClaims mandate CCCCycle begins again
During times of Chaos, Chinese philosophers tried to find ways to guide human behavior and ensure order in society 3 Philosophies Developed in China Confucianism Confucianism Daoism (Taoism) Daoism (Taoism) Legalism Legalism
Confucianism FFFFounder: Confucius (Master Kong) DDDDates: 551 B.C WWWWritings: The Analects TTTTeachings: 5555 R R R R eeee llll aaaa tttt iiii oooo nnnn ssss hhhh iiii pppp ssss m m m m must govern society “Our greatest glory is not in never falling, but in getting up every time we do”Our greatest glory is not in never falling, but in getting up every time we do
5 Relationships Ruler and Ruled Father and Son Older Brother and Younger Brother Husband and Wife Friend and Friend Superior sets example and cares for inferior Superior sets example and cares for inferior Inferior shows respect to superior Inferior shows respect to superior
Confucius Filial piety: the duty and respect that children owed their parents Education and Morality Society more important than individual I hear and I forget. I see and I remember. I do and I understand.
Daoism Founder: Lao Zi Dates: 551 B.C Writings: “The Way of Virtue” Teachings: Stressed the link between Nature and People People should do nothing contrary to nature, live according to the Dao “the Way”
Yin and Yang: Forces in Nature are to balance each other Yin: female, passive, earthy Yang: male, active, heavenly
Daoism Water as symbol of Tao Govt. should have fewer rules “Reveal thyself, embrace original nature, do not be selfish, curtail desire”
Legalism Founder: Han Feizi Writings: Han Feizi 300-200 B.C. Teachings: People acted out of self interest People only respond to rewards and punishments, not good examples
Legalism Harsh Laws and Strict Rulers are necessary to get things done Laws more important than rulers Example: Shi Huangdi used Legalism to unite China and create the Great Wall
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