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* Not sure when he died. [604 B.C.E. - ?] * His name means “Old Master”

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Presentation on theme: "* Not sure when he died. [604 B.C.E. - ?] * His name means “Old Master”"— Presentation transcript:



3 * Not sure when he died. [604 B.C.E. - ?] * His name means “Old Master”

4 1. Dao [Tao] is a force that flows through all life. 2. A believer’s goal is to become one with Dao; one with nature. 3. --> “Let nature take its course.” --> “Go with the flow!” 4. Man is unhappy because he lives according to man-made laws, customs, & traditions that are contrary to the ways of nature.

5 1. Rejecting formal knowledge and learning. 2. Relying on the senses and instincts. 3. Discovering the nature and “rhythm” of the universe. 4. Ignoring political and social laws. To escape the “social, political, & cultural traps” of life, one must escape by:

6 * The book. Written during the Zhou Dynasty. * Many Chinese artists, including poets, painters, calligraphers, and even gardeners have used the Daodejing as a source of inspiration.poets painterscalligraphers gardeners

7 * Masculine * Active * Light * Warmth * Strong * Heaven; Sun * Feminine * Passive * Darkness * Cold * Weak * Earth; Moon


9 * 551 – 479 B.C.E. *Became a teacher and editor of books. *Lived during a time of chaos. Wanted to help. *Kong Fu Zi

10 * Foundation of Chinese culture * Strong family loyalty: If the family is strong, the government will be strong * Patriarchal Society * FILIAL PIETY: Respect of elders by their children *Golden Rule: "Do not do to others what you do not want done to yourself"Golden Rule

11 1. Ruler Subject 2. Father Son 3. Husband Wife 4. Older Brother Younger Brother 5. Older Friend Younger Friend *The person on the left gets all of the respect and honor from the one on the right *These relationships organize society and maintain order. *KNOW YOUR ROLE!!

12 * A collection of concise statements, which was compiled many years after his death. * Made the official philosophy and required reading for civil service examinations during the Han Dynasty in 140 BC. * It continued, nearly unbroken, until the end of the 19th Century.

13 * Knowing what he knows and knowing what he doesn’t know, is characteristics of the person who knows. * Making a mistake and not correcting it, is making another mistake. * The superior man blames himself; the inferior man blames others. * To go too far is as wrong as to fall short.


15 INDIA 1. Brahmin CHINA 1. Scholar-Gentry 2. Kshatriyas 2. Peasants 3. Vaishyas 4. Shudras 3. Artisans 4. Merchants UntouchablesSoldiers Imperial Nobility Domestic Slaves


17 * 280? - 233 B.C.E. * Lived during the late Warring States period. * Legalism became the political philosophy of the Qin [Ch’in] Dynasty. *Supported by Emperor Shi Hunag Di

18 1. Human nature is naturally selfish. 2. Intellectualism and literacy is discouraged. 3. Law is the supreme authority and replaces morality. 4. The ruler must rule with a strong, punishing hand. 5. War is the means of strengthening a ruler’s power.

19 One who favors the principle that individuals should obey a powerful authority rather than exercise individual freedom. The ruler, therefore, “cracks his whip” on the backs of his subjects!

20 How is a man to live in a world dominated by chaos, suffering, and absurdity?? Confucianism --> Know your role in society and order will come. Legalism --> Rule by harsh law & order. Daoism --> Freedom for individuals and less government to avoid uniformity and conformity.

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