Presentation on theme: "What is it? How do you use it?"— Presentation transcript:
1What is it? How do you use it? Reported SpeechWhat is it? How do you use it?Yesterday, I saw my friend Pamela!She told me that she got a promotion!...today...yesterday
2We often use reported speech to . . . Reported Speech is the grammar we use when we want to tell another person about a conversation that took place in the past.We often use reported speech to . . .1. Give someone a telephone message:Example: Ellen said she couldn’t come today because…2. Tell someone news that we heard from someone else:Example: Tom told me that he and Karen got engaged!3. To report something that happened:Example: Sam said that the other driver wasn’t paying attention and hit his car.
3How to use reported speech: When we use reported speech, we are usually talking about the past.Therefore, verbs usually change to the past tense in reported speech.for example:
4am / is was are were have / has had could couldn’t can / can’t becomewasarebecomeswerehave / hasbecomehadcould couldn’tcan / can’tbecomewould wouldn’tbecomewill / won’t
5TENSE DIRECT SPEECH REPORTED SPEECH PRESENT SIMPLEWe eat healthy foodShe said that they ate healthy foodPRESENT CONTINUOUSWe are eating healthy foodShe said that they were eating healthy foodPRESENT PERFECT SIMPLEWe have eaten healthy foodShe said that they had eaten healthy foodPRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUSWe have been eating healthy foodShe said that they had been eating healthy foodPAST SIMPLEWe ate healthy foodPAST CONTINUOUSWe were eating healthy foodShe said that they had been eating healthy foodPAST PERFECT SIMPLEWe had eaten healthy foodPAST PERFECT CONTINUOUSWe had been eating healthy foodFUTURE SIMPLEWe will eat healthy foodShe said that they would eat healthy food
6MODAL VERBS CAN COULD MAY MIGHT MUST / HAVE TO MUST / HAD TO WILL DIRECT SPEECHREPORTED SPEECHCANCOULDMAYMIGHTMUST / HAVE TOMUST / HAD TOWILLWOULD
7TIME AND PLACE Now Then Today That day Tonight That night Yesterday DIRECT SPEECHREPORTED SPEECHNowThenTodayThat dayTonightThat nightYesterdayThe previous day / the day beforeLast weekThe previous week / the week beforeA __________ agoThe previous ______ / the _____ beforeTomorrowThe following day / the day after / the next dayNext ___________The following ________ / the _______ afterHereThereThisTheseThatThose
8PRONOUNS He said:"I am late" - He said he was late. he/sheHe said:"I am late" - He said he was late.youhe/she/they"Will you help me?" - She asked if he would help her.he/she/ititShe said: "He hit me" - She said he had hit her.weI said: "We are lost" - He said they were lost.They said:"We are hungry" - They said they were hungry.usthemJohn said: "She gave us presents" - John said she had given them presents.ourtheirHe said: "Our jobs are at risk" - He said their jobs were at risk.his/hers/itsShe said: "It's hers" - She said that it was hers.
9Reported speech typically uses the following structure: Someone said (that) … Sentence, pastORSomeone told me (that) … Sentence,pastHowever, in English, you can NEVER saySomeone said me . . .
10Examples of reporting what someone said . . . I talked to Sandra yesterday. She was telling me about her job. Her job is quite stressful. Sandra said:“I’m not happy at my job anymore. I think I’ll quit.”
11Sandra said, “I’m not happy at my job anymore. I think I’ll quit. Now you want to tell someone else what Sandra said. In this situation, it’s natural to use reported speech: You can say:Sandra told me that she happy at her job anymore and she she quit.wasn'tthoughtwould
12Tim said that he had worked really hard today. When a person told you something in the past tense, you can use either the past tense or the past perfect after the “said” phrase.Example:Tim said:“I worked really hard today.”Tim said that he workedreally hard today.past tenseTim said that he had worked really hard today.past perfect tense
13Examples for practice: 1. Shawn said:“I don’t feel like going to the movies tonight.”Reported speech:Shawn said that he didn’t feel like going to the movies tonight.2. Tina said:“My sister is coming to visit me soon.”Tina told me that her sister was coming to visit her soon.be careful with pronouns!
14“I’ll always be available for your students.” . . . And more examples:3. The counselor said:“I’ll always be available for your students.”Reported speech:The counselor said that she would always be available for my students.4. The students said:“We want to do oral presentations in class so we can practice speaking more.The students told me that they wantedto do oral presentations so they could practice speaking more.
15Do you understand reported speech better NOW than you did BEFORE? Congratulations!Keep practicing!!!And please ask if you need assistance!