Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

REPORTED SPEECH. DIRECT VS. INDIRECT SPEECH IES NUESTRA SEÑORA DE LA CABEZA TEACHER: MARTA BENÍTEZ * DIRECT SPEECH: The exact words that someone said.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "REPORTED SPEECH. DIRECT VS. INDIRECT SPEECH IES NUESTRA SEÑORA DE LA CABEZA TEACHER: MARTA BENÍTEZ * DIRECT SPEECH: The exact words that someone said."— Presentation transcript:

1 REPORTED SPEECH

2 DIRECT VS. INDIRECT SPEECH IES NUESTRA SEÑORA DE LA CABEZA TEACHER: MARTA BENÍTEZ * DIRECT SPEECH: The exact words that someone said. (We use quotations marks or speech bubbles) * INDIRECT/REPORTED SPEECH: The exact meaning of what someone said but not the exact words.

3 Example IES NUESTRA SEÑORA DE LA CABEZA TEACHER: MARTA BENÍTEZ DIRECT SPEECH: Exact words  Mum said to Ben: ‘Don’t worry, Ben. The dentist will be painless’ REPORTED SPEECH: Exact meaning  Mum told Ben not to worry. She said that the destist would be painless.

4 1) REPORTED STATEMENTS When we tell people what somebody said or thought, we often use reported speech. REPORTING VERBS: SAY and TELL. - TELL  Followed by a personal object. (She told me…) to - SAY  With or without a personal object. When used with a personal object, it is followed by ‘to’ (She said to me…) IES NUESTRA SEÑORA DE LA CABEZA TEACHER: MARTA BENÍTEZ

5 WHEN WE USE REPORTED SPEECH WE HAVE TO PAY ATTENTION TO: PRONOUNS AND POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES TIME WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS PLACE REFERENCES DEMONSTRATIVES VERB TENSES - (When the reporting verb is in the past) - (No changes when we express a general truth) IES NUESTRA SEÑORA DE LA CABEZA TEACHER: MARTA BENÍTEZ

6 REPORTED STATEMENTS Direct speech Reported speech - She said: ‘I can’t drive’ - He said: ‘I have worked hard’ - Mum said: ‘I will never work’ - Peter said to Mary: ‘I love you’ - She told me: ‘I am tired’ - My father told me: ‘It’s raining’ - Kate told Ana: ‘I like your skirt’ - He told the teacher: ‘I feel sick’ ? IES NUESTRA SEÑORA DE LA CABEZA TEACHER: MARTA BENÍTEZ

7 REPORTED STATEMENTS Direct speech Reported speech - She said: ‘I can’t drive’ - He said: ‘I have worked hard’ - Mum said: ‘I will never work’ - Peter said to Mary: ‘I love you’ - She told me: ‘I am tired’ - My father told me: ‘It’s raining’ - Kate told Ana: ‘I like your skirt’ - He told the teacher: ‘I feel sick’ - She said (that) she couldn’t drive. - He said (that) he had worked hard. - Mum said (that) she would never work. - Peter said to Mary (that) he loved her. - She told me (that) she was tired. - My father told me (that) it was raining. - Kate told Ana (that) she liked her skirt. - He told the teacher (that) he felt sick. IES NUESTRA SEÑORA DE LA CABEZA TEACHER: MARTA BENÍTEZ

8 * Report what the Jones family said when they came home from their holiday. IES NUESTRA SEÑORA DE LA CABEZA TEACHER: MARTA BENÍTEZ

9 2) REPORTED QUESTIONS Examples: DIRECT SPEECH: DIRECT SPEECH: 1. She asked: ‘Where does my sister go?’ 2. He asked: ‘Is it raining?’ REPORTED SPEECH: REPORTED SPEECH: 1. She asked where her sister went. 2. He asked if/whether it was raining. IES NUESTRA SEÑORA DE LA CABEZA TEACHER: MARTA BENÍTEZ

10 REPORTED QUESTIONS We use affirmative word order (No inversion, no auxiliary verbs) The question mark is omitted. Reporting verbs: ASK, WONDER, ENQUIRE, WANT TO KNOW… question word WH-QUESTIONS  We use question word if/whether YES/NO QUESTIONS  We use if/whether IES NUESTRA SEÑORA DE LA CABEZA TEACHER: MARTA BENÍTEZ

11 REPORTED QUESTIONS Direct speech Reported speech - He asked me: ‘How old are you?’ - She asked: ‘Where is he?’ - Peter asked: ‘What is this?’ - She asked: ‘What time do the shops open? - He asked her: ‘Did you find the key?’ - She asked: ‘Is there a park here?’ - Dad asked my brother: ‘Have you finished your homework?’ - The teacher asked the students: ‘Are you happy with this exam?’ ? IES NUESTRA SEÑORA DE LA CABEZA TEACHER: MARTA BENÍTEZ

12 REPORTED QUESTIONS Direct speech Reported speech - He asked me: ‘How old are you?’ - She asked: ‘Where is he?’ - Peter asked: ‘What is this?’ - She asked: ‘What time do the shops open? - He asked her: ‘Did you find the key?’ - She asked: ‘Is there a park here?’ - Dad asked my brother: ‘Have you finished your homework?’ - The teacher asked the students: ‘Are you happy with this exam?’ - He asked me how old I was - She wanted to know where he was - Peter asked what that was - She asked what time the shops opened. - He asked her if she had found the key - She asked if there was a park there - Dad asked my brother whether he had finished his homework - The teacher asked the students if they were happy with that exam IES NUESTRA SEÑORA DE LA CABEZA TEACHER: MARTA BENÍTEZ

13 * Report the tourists’ questions to the tour guide. IES NUESTRA SEÑORA DE LA CABEZA TEACHER: MARTA BENÍTEZ

14 REPORTED COMMANDS/ORDERS He said: ‘Close the door, please’ He asked me to close the door. The teacher said: ‘Don’t open the books’ The teacher told the students not to open the books. REPORTING VERBS: TELL, ORDER, ASK IES NUESTRA SEÑORA DE LA CABEZA TEACHER: MARTA BENÍTEZ

15 REPORTED COMMANDS/ORDERS Direct speech Reported speech - He said to me: ‘Go to your room, please’ - She said: ‘Don’t ask me this now’ - Peter said to me: ‘Give me the money’ - Mary said to her sister: ‘Don’t touch my clothes’ - He said: ‘Take my bag to the station’ - The secretary told me: ‘Write your name here’ - The teacher ordered: ‘Don’t move these tables’. - He said: ‘Could you please open this door?’ ? IES NUESTRA SEÑORA DE LA CABEZA TEACHER: MARTA BENÍTEZ

16 REPORTED COMMANDS/ORDERS Direct speech Reported speech - He said to me: ‘Go to your room, please’ - She said: ‘Don’t ask me this now’ - Peter said: ‘Give me the money’ - Mary said to her sister: ‘Don’t touch my clothes’ - He said: ‘Take my bag to the station’ - The secretary told me: ‘Write your name here’ - The teacher ordered: ‘Don’t move these tables’. - He said to me: ‘Could you please open this door?’ He told me to go to my room. She ordered not to ask her that then. Peter ordered to give him the money. Mary told her sister not to touch her clothes. He ordered to take his bag to the station The secretary told me to write my name there. The teacher ordered not to move those tables. He asked me to open that door. IES NUESTRA SEÑORA DE LA CABEZA TEACHER: MARTA BENÍTEZ

17 REPORTED SUGGESTIONS He said: ‘Why don’t we go to the cinema?’ He suggested going to the cinema. He suggested that they went to the cinema. He said to his friend: ‘Let’s play tennis!’ He suggested playing tennis. He suggested that they played tennis. REPORTING VERB: SUGGEST IES NUESTRA SEÑORA DE LA CABEZA TEACHER: MARTA BENÍTEZ

18 OTHER REPORTING VERBS FOLLOWED BY TO-INFINITIVE agree, offer, promise, refuse, threaten, decide… FOLLOWED BY OBJECT + TO-INFINITIVE ask, advise, encourage, invite, order, persuade, recommend, remind, tell, warn… FOLLOWED BY GERUND (-ING) Apologize for, deny, recommend, suggest IES NUESTRA SEÑORA DE LA CABEZA TEACHER: MARTA BENÍTEZ


Download ppt "REPORTED SPEECH. DIRECT VS. INDIRECT SPEECH IES NUESTRA SEÑORA DE LA CABEZA TEACHER: MARTA BENÍTEZ * DIRECT SPEECH: The exact words that someone said."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google