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War in the Pacific.

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Presentation on theme: "War in the Pacific."— Presentation transcript:

1 War in the Pacific

2 Allies Stem Japanese Tide
Following Pearl Harbor – Japanese conquer Asia Hong Kong, French Indochina, Malaya, Burma, Thailand & ½ of China Formosa, Dutch East Indies, Guam , Wake and Solomon Islands

3 “I Shall Return” – MacArthur
General MacArthur Held out against Japanese troops in Philippines Ordered to abandon after severe death toll Vowed to return Hirohito claims land is Japan’s

4 United States Retaliation
Doolittle Raids April 1942 16 bombers attack Tokyo 4 other cities attacked “We started to doubt that we were invincible” ~ Japanese civilian Battle of the Coral Sea Early May 1942 US/Australia fleet intercept Japanese strike Battle ensues with Allies losing Japan does not reach Australia

5 The Battle of Midway June 1942
Japan planned to move toward Hawaii to finish off US fleet Admiral Chester Nimitz led surprise attack Japan lost 4 aircraft carriers, cruiser, 322 planes “American has avenged Pearl Harbor”

6 Island Hopping Guadalcanal August 1942 “Island of Death”
Marked Japan’s 1st Defeat

7 Island Hopping Leyte Island, Philippines MacArthur: “I Have Returned”
Japan threw whole fleet into battle Kamikaze: 424 suicide planes Disaster for Japanese Army Allies gain victory

8 Island Hopping Battle of Iwo Jima Critical island for US
6,000 marines die Largest death toll in any single battle

9 Death of President Roosevelt
Posing for a portrait in Georgia Died of stroke April 12, 1945 Harry S. Truman sworn in

10 Battle of Okinawa Japan’s Defensive Outpost Japan uses 1900+ kamikazes
Fighting ends June 22, 1945 Allies lost many (7600) Japanese lost 110,000 Japanese mainland could now be invaded

11 The Manhattan Project The Atomic Bomb
More than 600,000 worked on project J. Robert Oppenheimer developed bomb in Los Alamos, NM Truman learns of bomb shortly after taking office

12 To Bomb or Not to Bomb Many critics to using A-bomb
Truman doesn’t hesitate July 25, 1945 Orders military to prepare plans for dropping of only 2 atomic bombs in existence Japan warned to surrender or else

13 Hiroshima August 6, 1945 Enola Gay drops “Little Boy” on Hiroshima
43 seconds later entire city collapses

14 Nagasaki August 9, 1945 “Fat Man” dropped on Nagasaki
By end of year over 200,000 people die from radiation poisoning

15 Japan Surrenders Hirohito: “I cannot bear to see my innocent people suffer any longer” September 2, 1945: V-J Day “The skies will no longer rain death-the seas bear only commerce-men everywhere walk upright in the sunlight. The entire world is at peace” ~ MacArthur

16 Essay Prompt Was the US justified in the dropping of 2 atomic bombs on Japan during August of 1945? Read & annotate packet (see focus questions) Rough draft due (peer edit) 30 Points… 0 or 30 Intro, 3 body paragraphs, conclusion In-text citations, MLA works cited Final draft due 12/20/13

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