2 Battleship Row at Pearl Harbor 1941 Japan ExpandsJapan wanted to expand into Indonesia and Indochina for raw materials & conquestNeeded to “neutralize” the U.S. navyTojo decided to attack the U.S. fleet at Pearl HarborBattleship Row at Pearl Harbor 1941
3 Japanese Expansion US loses Wake, Guam and Philippines
4 The loss of Corregidor in Philippines was the worst
6 Allied Strategy in the Pacific 1) Try to stop Japanese expansion while the Allies build up their militaryBattles of Coral Sea and Midway stop Japanese expansion south and east.First time aircraft carriers used in warThe Pacific War was a naval war!
7 Battle of Midway stopped eastward expansion Australia and Hawaii became the main Allied bases in the PacificBattle of Coral Sea stopped southern expansion
8 General Douglas MacArthur was the Allied commander in the Pacific
9 Strategy Part IIAllies decide to “island hop” to get to Japan instead of invading all of the Pacific islandsLand on strategic islands and cut off all Japanese held islands behind it
10 Major Pacific Battles1) Guadalcanal – Aug 1942 – 1st time U.S. encounters Japanese – shows that fighting will be very tough - Japanese soldier would fight to the death – The Bushido Code2) Iwo Jima – Feb – 1st time Allies fight on Japanese soil – fighting gets tougher – place of the famous photo3) Okinawa – April 1945 – Japanese main island – Kamikaze planes start suicide attacks on U.S. ships
11 The End of WWIIPresident Harry Truman decides to drop the Atomic Bomb on Hiroshima Aug. 6, 1945 and Nagasaki Aug. 9, 1945 (130,000+ killed)
12 Japan surrenders - Sept. 2, 1945 VJ Day – War is Over! Japanese surrender aboard U.S.S. Missouri in Tokyo Bay
13 Japanese Atrocities will lead to war crimes trials Starving American POWsBeheading an American POWForced slave labor in the hot sunTHE END!