Presentation on theme: "Japan Strikes In the Pacific Objective What steps did the Allies take to end the war with Japan? Thought provoking question… How do you force the Japanese."— Presentation transcript:
Japan Strikes In the Pacific Objective What steps did the Allies take to end the war with Japan? Thought provoking question… How do you force the Japanese back to their home islands? How far would you go?
Names Isoroku Yamamoto- Japanese admiral who decided that the U.S. fleet in Hawaii had to be destroyed. Douglas MacArthur- U.S. general who commanded Allied Army forces in the Pacific. Admiral Nimitz – US Navy admiral of the Pacific fleet
BATTLE OF CORAL SEA Japan threatens New Guinea Admiral Nimitz sends two carriers, Lexington and Yorktown to intercept Japanese in Coral Sea World’s First battle between Carriers Air-strike on both sides - Saves U.S. Supply Lines In May 1942, the Battle of the Coral Sea took place. The U.S. were able to stop the Japanese advance and save Australia.
BATTLE OF MIDWAY Turning Point of the Pacific US code breakers know exactly where the Japanese fleet will be 4 Japanese carriers sunk for only 1 American carrier
Battle of Guadalcanal After the victory at Midway, the Allies took the offensive. Douglas MacArthur was commander of the Allies in the PacificDouglas MacArthur The strategy of Island Hopping was used. It took 6 months and the death of 23,000 Japanese men before they abandoned the island calling it “the Island of Death.”
Advances Between the years of 1943-1945, MacArthur (Army) and the Nimitz (Navy) steadily pushed east toward the Japanese islands. By 1945, the Japanese Navy is finished. A new desperate strategy to stop the US fleet is used. The Kamikaze – Pilots flying planes and deliberately crashing into the US carrier fleet.
The Japanese Retreat Iwo Jima – Feb. 1945 – 650 miles from Japan - this was going to be an emergency base for our bombers. 21,000 total casualties for Japan, 21,000 killed, wounded and missing for the US Okinawa – April-June 1945 – This island is only 350 miles from Japan – As US forces got closer, the Japanese fought more fanatically. Plans for an invasion of the Japanese home islands were set for the end of 1945. 110,000 Japanese lost; 12,500 Americans KIA
Day 2 Objective –What decisions were made by the US to end the war with Japan? Decision time: What do you do if you are president? Do you drop a bomb on a country and devastate the innocent population and industry, or do you continue seaborne invasions?
Roosevelt Dies Roosevelt died of a stroke April 12, 1945 Harry S. Truman becomes President
BOMBING OF JAPAN Manhattan Project Truman’s decision to drop the ATOMIC bomb was made for TWO reasons: 1.Truman wanted to save American Lives 2. Japan would not surrender
The decision to drop the bomb Their were many different views on whether or not to drop the bomb some thought it would kill too many civilians others thought we needed to warn the Japanese people. Truman said he regarded the A-bomb as a military weapon and had no doubts it should be used.
The dropping of the A-bomb Aug 6 th, 1945 the first atomic bomb code named “Little Boy” was dropped on Hiroshima a major industrial city Hiroshima The bomb destroyed 76,000 buildings and about 63% of the city. Somewhere between 80,000 and 100,000 people died instantly and thousands more died later from burns.
One Last Bomb Aug. 9 th, 1945 we drop a second bomb, code named “Fat Man” on Nagasaki. Killing between 35,000 and 74,000 people Shortly after the bombs are dropped, Russia attacks Japan from the east with a massive ground campaign. Aug 15, 1945 V-J day. – Japan surrenders in Tokyo bay on board the USS Missouri on September 2 THE WAR IS OVER!!!