5 Attack on the Philippines “I Shall Return”March, PhilippinesJapan attacks the Philippines to try to rid the US from the region.Bataan Death March76,000 American refugees taken prisoner, forced to march 60 miles to prison camps without food or water.10,000 die15,000 die in prison camps
6 The Doolittle Raid April, 1942 – Doolittle Raid Small scale bombing raid on TokyoDoes not cause much damage, but is a huge morale booster for U.S.
8 Battle of Coral Sea May 1942 – Coral Sea Battle of Coral Sea After fall of Dutch East Indies (Indonesia) Japan is looking to invade AustraliaBattle of Coral SeaPlanes on both sides bombed aircraft carriers.*First naval battle completely between aircraft carriers that weren’t within sight of each-other.Ended in a draw.But, it stops Japanese expansion into Australia.
10 The Turning Point June 1942 - Midway Aug 1942 – Feb 1943 – Guadalcanal Japan is looking to “finish off” the US Pacific fleet.US suffers heavy losses at first, but ultimately sinks all four Japanese carriers.Allied victory - Go on offensiveAug 1942 – Feb 1943 – GuadalcanalFirst Allied victory on Japanese-held soil.Fierce jungle combat between Marines and Japanese on interior of island.5 months!
11 Island Hopping US strategy to attack specific crucial islands. Cuts off supplies.
12 Meanwhile, Carpet Bombing Japan =Dropping many bombs over a large area to destroy an entire regionIn one such raid on Tokyo in March of 1945, 279 US B-29 Bombers destroyed 267,000 buildings, killing 100,000 people and destroying 25% of Tokyo.
15 Taking Back the Philippines Oct 1944 – Dec 1944 – Leyte GulfU.S. assault to take back PhilippinesLargest air and naval encounter in historyJapanese utilize KamikazesU.S. victory.Do not officially take all of Philippines until June 1945.Nearly destroy entire Japanese navy
16 Iwo JimaFeb Iwo JimaFighting intensified as US Troops got closer to Japan.Iwo Jima is considered Japanese soil.Lasts 74 daysUS drops 20,000 bombs25,000 US casualties22,000 Japanese casualtiesOnly 218 Japanese taken prisoner
18 Okinawa March 1945 – June 1945 - Okinawa Last obstacle to an invasion of the Japanese mainland.100,000 Japanese defenders vow to fight to death.1,300 warships, 180,000 combat troops invade.50,000 US casualtiesOnly 7,200 Japanese POWs
20 The Fears of Invading Japan Bushido (the warrior way) – this samurai way influenced how the Japanese fought until deathConventional bombing was not working (100,000 civilians killed in Tokyo)Our losses were mounting as well as time spent fighting was growing
21 HiroshimaAugust 6th, 1945 the Enola Gay dropped the world’s first atomic bomb on the city of HiroshimaAbout 50,000 people were instantly killedWithin a month or two up to 100,000 more died of radiation poisoning, burns, or sickness
23 NagasakiAugust 9th, 1945, the Bockscar dropped the second atomic bomb (a fusion bomb)35,000 people were instantly killed with 35,000 more dying with a few weeks!Two more bombings were planned but the Japanese surrendered on August 15th, 1945 (V-J Day) and since then a nuclear bomb has not been detonated in aggressionThe US made over 31,000 more by 1967 conducting over 1,000 test detonations!