Presentation on theme: "25.3 The War in the Pacific Objectives: 1. To identify key turning points in the war in the Pacific 2. Explain the developments and debates concerning."— Presentation transcript:
25.3 The War in the Pacific Objectives: 1. To identify key turning points in the war in the Pacific 2. Explain the developments and debates concerning the use of the atom bomb. 3. Describe the challenges faced by the Allies in building a just and lasting postwar peace.
Allies Stem the Japanese Tide Japan is expanding at a rapid pace Gen. Douglas McArthur is pushed out of the Philippines “I shall return” April 1942, Doolittle air raids Tokyo and other cities Japanese realize they aren’t invincible Allied finally stop the Japanese advance at Battle of Coral Sea
Battle of Midway June 1942, Admiral Chester Nimitz found out that 110 Japanese ships were moving toward Midway, then Hawaii Americans surprised the Japanese and scored a HUGE victory 322 planes, four AIRCRAFT CARRIERS, and a cruiser destroyed Americans “avenged Pearl Harbor”
Island Hopping What is it? Why did America do it?
Americans gain in pacific Americans score a victory at Guadalcanal Then they regain the Philippines after Battle of Leyte Gulf “People of the Philippines: I have returned” Japanese test out their Kamikaze method
Iwo Jima 6,000 marines killed 20,500 Japanese killed Okinawa 1,900 Kamikaze attacks 7,600 Americans killed 110,000 Japanese killed Americans did not want to invade Japan….why not??
The Manhattan Project Best kept secret of the war Creation of an atomic bomb Truman didn’t even know about it! J. Robert Oppenheimer lead the research in New Mexico Tested in N. Mexico, could see flash from 180 miles away!
Hiroshima and nagasaki Should they use the bomb? Drop it on an empty island? Reasons to use it: 1. Nothing less than dropping it on a city would convince them 2. The test might be a dud 3. Might shoot down the delivery plane or move American POWs to the island USA warned Japanese of “prompt and utter destruction”. August 6 – dropped on Hiroshima August 9 – dropped on Nagasaki Approximately 200,000 people killed from the blasts “I cannot bear to see my innocent people suffer nay longer” - Emperor Hirohito Sept. 2 – Japanese surrender aboard the Missouri
nagasaki “ They say temperatures of 7,000 degrees centigrade hit me…Nobody there looked like human beings…Humans had lost the ability to speak. People couldn’t scream, “It hurts!” even when they were on fire. People with their legs wrenched off. Without heads. Or with faces burned and swollen out of shape. The scene I saw was a living hell.” - Yamaoko Michiko
Yalta Conference Feb. 1945 Big 3 meet in Yalta, USSR USSR joins fight against Japan, promises free elections Discuss ideas for a new international peacekeeping body
New World Order (?) Nuremburg Trials: 1945 Trial of Nazi and German Military Leaders Foundations of International Human Rights Division of Germany among “Big Four” US, UK, USSR, and France East and West Germany Military Administration of Germany and Japan Gen. MacArthur runs Japan, writes democratic constitution
TERMS Douglas MacArthur Chester Nimitz Kamikaze Manhattan Project J. Robert Oppenheimer Hiroshima Nagasaki Yalta Conference United Nations (U.N.) Nuremberg Trials Objectives: 1. To identify key turning points in the war in the Pacific 2. Explain the developments and debates concerning the use of the atom bomb. 3. Describe the challenges faced by the Allies in building a just and lasting postwar peace.