7 December 7, 1941: Japan attacks U.S. Navy Base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii
8 Tide of Japanese Victories After bombing of Pearl Harbor, Japan attacks and seizes more in 1941…………………Guam, Marianas, Wake Island, Gilbert Islands, Samoan Islands, andCaroline Islands
9 Singapore (Malaya) Surrenders [February, 1942] The Dutch East Indies Seized [March, 1942]
10 The Philippine Islands Invaded January 1942: Japan invades PhilippinesApril 1942: U.S. troops surrender the Philippines“One day I shallreturn again”Closing Remarks after leaving the Philippines,Douglas MacArthur
11 Bataan Death MarchApril 1942: 76,000 prisoners [12,000 Americans] Marched 60 miles in the blazing heat to POW camps in the Philippines.
12 An Australian Allied soldier being beheaded! Dead Allied troops as result of the Bataan Death MarchAn Australian Allied soldier being beheaded!
13 A Liberated British POW British POWsA Liberated British POW
14 The Japanese Seize Burma May 1942The “Burma Road” seized and supply line to China cut off!
17 Douglas MacArthur Who American General Why Important Supreme Allied Commander in the PacificTheater
18 Allied Strategy in Pacific Theater What “Island-Hopping” (drive Japan off islands they haveconquered through a series of amphibious invasions)Goal Get close to Japan…Bomb Japan…Invade Japan
19 Battle of the Coral Sea (May 7-8, 1942) What Japanese attempting to invade Australia; Naval & Air BattleOutcome Allies stop Japanese invasion attack on Australia
20 Battle of Midway Island: (June 4-6, 1942) What Japanese advancing across the Pacific; Air & Naval BattleOutcome Allies stop Japanese advance; No further advances willbe made by Japanese (Turning Point of Pacific)
21 Japanese Kamikaze Planes: Japanese Suicide Bombers
22 Battle of Guadalcanal: (August 1942 to February 1943) What 1st Allied land invasion of Japanese held territoryOutcome 1st piece of territory Allies will take back from Japan
23 Battle of Saipan (June-July 1944) What Allied invasion of Marianas IslandsOutcome Costly Allied victory; Allies now have an island closeenough to Japan to begin bombing raids on Japan
24 Battle of Leyte Gulf (October 1944) What Allied invasion of the Philippine IslandsOutcome MacArthur and Allied forces will return andretake the islands from the Japanese
25 Bombing of Tokyo (March-August 1945) What Allies begin aerial bombing raids on Tokyo(including using B-29 bombers, napalm-filled bombs)Outcome Mainland Japan suffers devastation & casualties
26 Battle of Iwo Jima February 1945 U.S. Marines onMt. SurbachiWhat Allies attack on Japanese territory within 660 mi. of JapanOutcome Allies are almost close enough to launch an invasionof Japan from
27 Battle of Okinawa (April-June 1945) What Allied attack on Japanese territory within 330 mi. of JapanOutcome Costliest battle of war for U.S.; Allies now control anisland to stage an invasion of Japan from
28 Options to End the War Option 1: Land Invasion Pros: - less civilian loss of lifeCons: - massive amount of Allied casualties- war will take longer to end- requires largest invasion force everOption 2: Drop the Atomic BombPros: - less American casualties- quicker end to the warCons:- catastrophic loss of civilian life
29 The Manhattan Project Los Alamos, New Mexico Top Secret project to create an “atomic bomb” begun in 1939Major General Lesley R. Groves(General in charge)Dr. Robert Oppenheimer(lead scientist)“I am become death, the shatterer of worlds!”