Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Japanese Victories -Pearl Harbor -Japan had many Victories in much of the Pacific Empire greater than Hitler’s -MacArthur retreats from the Philippines.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Japanese Victories -Pearl Harbor -Japan had many Victories in much of the Pacific Empire greater than Hitler’s -MacArthur retreats from the Philippines."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 Japanese Victories -Pearl Harbor -Japan had many Victories in much of the Pacific Empire greater than Hitler’s -MacArthur retreats from the Philippines “Bataan Death March” for US prisoners of war -MacArthur pledges to return

3

4

5 America Recovers Bombing of Tokyo April 1942 Known as Doolittle’s raid after Col. James Doolittle- increased morale of American troops -Coral Sea Battle: saved Australia from Japanese attack; first time Japan had been turned back air power in the navy: only used planes from carriers to inflict damage

6 America Recovers -Battle of Midway, 1942 Adm. Chester Nimitz: commander of US naval forces in the Pacific Midway: important point between US and Japan inflicted great damage to much larger Japanese fleet “Avenged Pearl Harbor” -Japan never recovered its naval power

7

8 Island Hopping -as the U.S. built its naval and air advantage the Japanese fortified every island -U.S. bypasses many islands and takes weaker ones for airfields, uses air power to cut off the supplies of enemy -Guadalcanal, ,000 marines; 1 st land defeat for Japan but at high cost -Philippines, ,000 Allied troops and 738 ships- months later, Am. Took islands and freed POW’s

9

10 High Costs -Japanese defending with every man - kamikaze attacks- suicide bombers Iwo Jima, 1945 Critical base need by the US for airfields to launch invasion and attacks on Japan Most heavily defended place on earth 6,000 Marines die of 20,700 Japanese troops only 200 survived

11 High Costs FDR dies after elected to 4 th term Harry S. Truman, his VP, becomes President He must decide on whether or not to drop the Atomic bomb

12 High Costs -Okinawa, 1945 Last island between the US and Japan higher death totals 7,600 American deaths 110,000 Japanese -warnings of what invasion would cost of Japan’s homeland would cost- fighting home to home, they would not surrender

13 Manhattan Project -about 130,000 people at over 30 different sites worked in the project to develop the Atomic bomb -J. Robert Oppenheimer led the project at Los Alamos NM – testing ground -some scientists urged the gov’t not to use the weapon -Truman made the decision to use the weapon on Japan

14

15 Ultimate Weapon -Before atomic weapon was used, airdrops of leaflets urged Japanese to surrender -Japanese leaders refuse to unconditionally surrender -August, 1945 the bomber Enola Gay dropped an atomic bomb over Hiroshima est.- 100K dead -another bomb dropped on Nagasaki – est. 50K dead -Japanese surrender -V-J Day (Victory over Japan)

16

17

18 18 The Cost of Victory???

19 Rebuilding the World -Yalta Conference, 1945 meeting of the Big Three: US, England, and Soviet Union -Creation of the United Nations -Potsdam, July 1945 division of Germany into 4 sections- US, England, France, and Soviet Union  Nuremburg Trials - war crimes - several Nazi leaders executed

20 Occupation of Japan -General Douglas MacArthur - Reformed Japan’s economy - Established democratic government, their constitution called the MacArthur Constitution - Guaranteed basic freedoms, gave women suffrage Constitution still exists as Japan’s government

21 21

22 The End


Download ppt "Japanese Victories -Pearl Harbor -Japan had many Victories in much of the Pacific Empire greater than Hitler’s -MacArthur retreats from the Philippines."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google