Presentation on theme: "Parliament Limits the English Monarchy"— Presentation transcript:
1 Parliament Limits the English Monarchy Ch. 5 sec. 5 Standard List the principles of the Magna Carta (1215), the English Bill of Rights (1689)
2 Do you Remember the Magna Carta? (p. 19) 1215 the nobility forces King John to sign contract limiting his authority.4 PrinciplesLimited GovernmentRule of LawIndividual RightsSeparation of Power
3 King James I Why argue with Parliament ? Money Religion- refused to make Puritan reforms
4 King Charles I Petition of Right King Charles ICharles seriously needs money so he makes a deal with ParliamentPetition of RightNo imprisonment without due causeNo taxes without Parliament consentNo soldiers in private homesNo martial law in peace time.
5 King Charles I continued Charles ignores Petition of RightDissolves Parliament. Why??So how does Charles get his money?FeesFinestaxes
6 English Civil War ( )Charles offends Puritans and Presbyterians of Scotland. How?Scots assemble an army and threaten to invadeCharles needs money to fight and must ask Parliament. How do you think Parliament reacts?Charles attempts to arrest members of Parliament
7 English Civil War, continued Against the kingRoundheads- were mostly Puritans and members of ParliamentLed by Oliver CromwellLoyal to the kingRoyalistsCavaliers
8 Oliver Cromwell New Model Army 1647 captured Charles 1649 Charles is found guilty of TREASON!!!! By a jury!!What is treason?Innocent or guilty?
9 Charles I is Executed in 1649! Why is this significant?
10 Puritan Rule Attempt to reform society. Abolished theater, sports, dancingTolerated all religions except Catholicism
11 Charles II and the Restoration 1660 Charles II (son of Charles I) comes back to rule EnglandWhy did England ask the royal family to come back and rule?Habeas Corpus Act (1679)
12 Who Will Inherit the Throne? WhigsDo not want a Catholic rulerCharles II’s brother is James II, a CatholicToriesSupport James as the next king.The Whigs and the Tories will become the firstpolitical parties in England
13 James IIAppoints Catholics to government positions- Who does this upset?In 1688 his son is born! Why is this important?
14 Glorious Revolution- William and Mary (1688) Parliament asks Mary, daughter of James II, to return to England with her husband William, prince of Netherlands.Mary overthrows her father and becomes queen of England.However, William and Mary will only rule under certain conditions!Glorious Revolution- William and Mary (1688)
15 Effects of the Glorious Revolution Ended the idea of the divine right of kings in EnglandTurned England into aConstitutional Monarchy!!!
16 What protections did the English Bill of Rights include? What was the primary objective of the English Bill of Rights?How did it limit the power of the monarch?List the 4 traditional rights of Englishmen.Which freedoms are not protected?How does the English Bill of Rights differ from the U.S. Bill of Rights
17 Cabinet System Develops Parliament and the king cannot rule without each other’s consent.The Cabinet (made up of government officials ) provides a link between Parliament and the kingLeader of the majority party in Parliament heads the cabinet and is called the Prime Minister
18 English Bill of Rights (1689) 4 PrinciplesLimited government- the king cannot tax without consent of ParliamentRule of Law- king must carry out all laws passed by Parliament and the king must all follow all the laws
19 English Bill of Rights, cont. Consent of the Governed- free elections of Parliament, they must have free speech and meet regularlyRights of the Individual- government cannot deprive a citizen of life, liberty or property. No cruel and unusual punishment and freedom of petition.
20 Ch. 5 Sec5 Parliament Limits The English Monarchy What problems did King James I have with Parliament?Why did Charles I always need money?What is the Petition of Right? Why was it important?Why did the Scots rebel against King Charles?Why did Charles try to arrest the leaders of Parliament?Those who remained loyal to King Charles during the English Civil War were called?What were the supporters of Parliament called?Who was the leader of the New Model Army?Why was Charles put on trial?Why was the execution of Charles “revolutionary?”After the execution of Charles, what type of government did England become?How did the Puritans attempt to reform society?What is the Restoration?What rights do people have under the Habeas Corpus Act?Who are the Whigs? Who are the Tories?Why were English Protestants terrified when James II had a boy?What was the Glorious Revolution?What type of government did England became after William and Mary took power?Under the English Bill of Rights (1689) what could a ruler not do?What is the role of the cabinet in English government?What is a prime minister?Copy questions and answer inComplete sentences!!
21 Ch. 5 Sec5 Parliament Limits The English Monarchy A. Put the historical events in their order of occurrenceEnglish Bill of RightsHabeas Corpus ActExecution of Charles IJames I diesPetition of RightEnglish Civil WarRestorationGlorious RevolutionCharles II diesJames I becomes KingB. Answer in a paragraphWhat were the causes and effects of the Glorious Revolution?