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FRUIT: A fully developed and ripened ovary containing seedsGOAL: Seed Dispersal *Ovary tissue stores carbohydrates & water *Pigment may change over time
I. TWO TYPES OF FRUIT A.FLESHY B. DRY
Fleshy fruits are those that are soft, juicy or meatyII. Fleshy Fruits Fleshy fruits are those that are soft, juicy or meaty
Types of Fleshy Fruits:Berry Pepo Hesperidium Pome Drupe
A. BERRY: 1 or more seeds, thin skin, can be peeled offEx. Blueberry, cranberry, grapes, eggplant, peppers, tomato
NOTE: Strawberry, raspberry, blackberry are NOT true berriesNOTE: Strawberry, raspberry, blackberry are NOT true berries!!!! They originate from more than 1 pistil.
B. PEPO: a berry with a hard rind that can’t be peeled offEx. Pumpkin, squash, cantaloupe, melon, cucumber, gourds
C. Hesperidium: berry with a leathery skin, containing oils and rindEx. Orange, tangerine, lime, lemon
D. POME: (False Fruit)Fleshy part is from the receptacle; true ovary is the coreEx. Apple and Pear
E. DRUPE: single seed enclosed in a hard pitEx. Peach, apricot, plum, cherry
III. DRY FRUITS Wall of mature ovary is dryFruit is without soft flesh Classified according to whether they split open when ripe
A. Dehiscent Fruits Split open when ripe 1. Follicle: milkweed2. Legume: beans and peas 3. Capsule: poppies, snapdragon, lillies
B. Indehiscent Fruits Dry fruits that DO NOT split open when ripe1. Achene: sunflower,dandelion
Indehiscent Fruits Cont.2. Samara: maple, ash (winged fruits) 3. Grain: wheat, corn, barley, rye
Indehiscent Cont. 4. Nut: acorn, hazelnut, hickoryMany nuts are not nuts!!! Peanut=legume Walnut, pecan, coconut, almond=drupes
IV.Aggregate Fruits Formed from a single flower with more than one ovary Strawberry, raspberry, blackberry
V.Multiple Fruits Forms from a cluster of flowersOvaries fuse together to form 1 fruit Pineapple, osage orange, mulberry
Review…Use your notes to identify the following fruits.
Types of fruits Plant morphology.
Flowers, Fruits, and Seeds
Lab #6B Angiosperms.
Fruits Seed: Ovule and its Contents Testa (Seed Coat) = Ovule Wall
Tuesday Lecture – Fruits and Nuts of Temperate Regions
Fruits, Seeds, and Embryos
What are Temperate Fruit Plants ? Temperate fruit plants are specific in the climatic requirement. They can tolerate both diurnal and seasonal wide fluctuation.
Get a paper ready for thinking questions to turn in
Plants and People Fruits.
Lecture 14: Seeds and Fruit
Types of Fruits.
Range Plants -- OBJ 1: PPT
Fruits Plant Science Unit 2.
Culinary Arts. What are defining characteristics of fruits? What are some ways that you could group fruits together?
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