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Types of Fruits
Indehiscent Fruits Dry fruits which do not split along definite lines to release seeds at maturity.
Examples: Achene Samara Caryopsis Nut
Achene Seed coat not fused with ovary wall.
Achene: Sunflower Seed
Samara Ovary wall forms a winglike structure.Dry; frequently used for seed dispersal by wind.
Seed coat fused with ovary wall.Caryopsis (grain) Seed coat fused with ovary wall.
Nut Ovary wall is tough and woody.
Fruits which open at maturity to shed their seeds.Dehiscent fruits Fruits which open at maturity to shed their seeds.
Examples: Follicle Legume Capsule
Fruit splits open along ONE seam.Follicle Fruit splits open along ONE seam.
Legume Fruit splits open along TWO seams.
Capsule Fruit opens by various means, usually along more than two seams.
Fruit is generally moist and often edible.Fleshy Fruits Fruit is generally moist and often edible.
Examples: Drupe Berry False Berry Hesperidium Pome
Drupe Fruit is fleshy all the way out to the covering.Woody interior covering. The seed is covered by a very hard cover. Sometimes these are called stone fruits.
Drupe: plum, peach, almond, cherry
Berry Fruit is fleshy all the way out to the covering, which is usually thin. Interior seeds are NOT covered by a hard coat.
Berry: grape, tomato
False Berry Looks like a berry, but often has a harder outer coat. Seeds are clustered in the middle rather than throughout the fruit.
False Berry: cucumber, squash, pumpkin, cantaloupe
Hesperidium (not on your key)Outer soft rind which is white on the inside. Citrus Fruits belong here.
Hesperidium: orange, lemon, grapefruit
Pome Fruit is fleshy out to the covering.A few seeds are inside a core which is not eaten because it has a leathery interior coating.
Pome: pear, apple
Aggregate Fruits Fruit composed of mature ovaries from separate pistils of one flower Example: raspberry, strawberry
Multiple Fruits Fruit composed of mature ovaries from several flowers.Example: pineapple
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