Presentation on theme: "15 th – 17 th century. What is an interval? What is Fauxbourdon? What is a key? Why didn’t they call stacked intervals “chords” in the Renaissance."— Presentation transcript:
15 th – 17 th century
What is an interval? What is Fauxbourdon? What is a key? Why didn’t they call stacked intervals “chords” in the Renaissance period? What is the difference between monophony and homophony? What is polyphony? REVIEW:
Sacred Secular Song Types MassMotet Madrigal Chanson Frottola Strictly in Latin, music as part of church service Religious poetry of sorts, combined both sacred and secular styles Renaissance “folk songs,” a wide variety of styles and purposes, all very expressive in poetry and music
Motet : Lamentatio Sanctae Matris Ecclesiae Constantinopolitanae Language: Vernacular French = Secular! Words: Metaphor of mother with God’s son = Sacred! Topic: Lament for Constantinople (Christian war story) = both! Musical Content: Instrument, polyphonic/counterpoint = Secular Kyrie : L'homme armé Language: Latin = Sacred Musical Content: Original melody is French Folk song = Secular! Cantus Firmus melody and strict harmonies = Sacred! Dufay Examples Merging Sacred and Secular
Johannes Ockeghem ( ): Franco-Flemish School Sacred: (Kyrie) Missa Prolationum (Progressive Canon) Secular: Prenez Sur Moi (Imitative Chanson, three voices) Lorenzo De’ Medici ( ): Italian politician Secular: Street-performed carnival songs: Sian Galanti De Valenza Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina ( ): Roman School Sacred: Sicut Cervus (four-voice imitative motet) Harmonies created with polyphony Different Styles Similar Styles – Different School After Dufay:
Sacred Used in church (mass) In Latin (or strictly religious-themed words) Structured function: Kyrie, Gloria, Sanctus, Benedictus, Agnus Dei Still held most power, money, and educational resources Secular Used in courts, streets, ceremonies, festivals… In Vernacular (The language of the people in the area) Varied function and meaning Based on poetry or expressing emotion Text-painting! Let’s Review!
Step 1: Pick one of your favorite school-appropriate songs. (It should have a catchy melody, easy to sing) Step 2: Get approved by Miss Lee – she’ll help you find “do” and work out solfege notes Step 3: Use solfege to put the melody into the key of C (easiest key to write music in) Step 4: Make your song into Renaissance music using Fauxbourdon or imitative polyphony, or both! EXAMPLE: “Dime” by Cake Renaissance Song Project!