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 The Renaissance 1450-1600. Where was Music?  Church  Still importance, but decreasing in importance  Courts  Nobility brought their musicians when.

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Presentation on theme: " The Renaissance 1450-1600. Where was Music?  Church  Still importance, but decreasing in importance  Courts  Nobility brought their musicians when."— Presentation transcript:

1  The Renaissance

2 Where was Music?  Church  Still importance, but decreasing in importance  Courts  Nobility brought their musicians when traveling to different courts  Towns  Weddings  Religious services

3 Musicians  Higher status  Higher pay  Women as virtuoso singers  Wanted credit for their work

4 Characteristics of Music  Words and Music  Emotions  “Word painting”  Mostly polyphonic  Using more harmonies  Vocal music and instrumental music still separate

5 Sacred Music  Forms  Motet – a polyphonic choral work set to Latin text  Mass – a polyphonic choral work made up of the Mass Ordinary  Composers  Josquin dez Prez ( )  Works influenced other composers  Ave Maria…Virgo Serena (Hail Mary…Serene Virgin) Ave Maria…Virgo Serena (Hail Mary…Serene Virgin)  Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina ( )  Italian  Music director for St. Peter’s church  Pope Marcellus Mass (Agnus Dei) Pope Marcellus Mass (Agnus Dei)

6 Council of Trent   Wants to strengthen Catholic church  Music discussion  Gregorian chant vs. Polyphony  Chose polyphony because it “inspired religious contemplation”

7 Secular Music  Vocal music set to poems  Music printing  Word painting  Composers imitated bird calls and street sounds  Music was a mandatory part of education  An important entertainment activity

8 Secular Music, cont.  Forms  Madrigal  For several solo voices set to a short poem  Usually about love  Word painting  Started in Italy and moved west to England  English madrigal lighter and more humorous  Composers  Carlo Gesualdo (Italy)  Thomas Weelkes (England)  As Vesta Was Descending As Vesta Was Descending

9  As Vesta was from Latmos hill descending  She spied a maiden queen the same ascending  Attended on by all the shepherds swain,  To whom Diana’s darlings came running down amain.  First two by two,  Then three by three together  Leaving their goddess all alone, hasted tither  And mingling with the shepherds of her train  With mirthful tunes her presence entertain.  Then sang the shepherds and nymphs of Diana,  Long live fair Oriana!

10 Secular Music, cont  Forms, cont.  Instrumental music  Indoor instruments (harpsichord, organ, lute)  Outdoor instruments (sackbut, shawm, recorder)  Dancing  Gavotte Gavotte

11 Activity  Get with a partner  Read and copy the lyrics to Thomas Weelkes’ Four Arms, Two Necks, and One Wreathing  Using the concept of word painting, underline certain words (your choice) and explain what you would do to demonstrate those words through music  Each group needs a minimum of 7 underlined words


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