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The Renaissance 1450-1600.

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Presentation on theme: "The Renaissance 1450-1600."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Renaissance

2 Where was Music? Church Courts Towns
Still importance, but decreasing in importance Courts Nobility brought their musicians when traveling to different courts Towns Weddings Religious services

3 Musicians Higher status Higher pay Women as virtuoso singers
Wanted credit for their work

4 Characteristics of Music
Words and Music Emotions “Word painting” Mostly polyphonic Using more harmonies Vocal music and instrumental music still separate

5 Sacred Music Forms Composers
Motet – a polyphonic choral work set to Latin text Mass – a polyphonic choral work made up of the Mass Ordinary Composers Josquin dez Prez ( ) Works influenced other composers Ave Maria…Virgo Serena (Hail Mary…Serene Virgin) Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina ( ) Italian Music director for St. Peter’s church Pope Marcellus Mass (Agnus Dei)

6 Council of Trent 1545-1563 Wants to strengthen Catholic church
Music discussion Gregorian chant vs. Polyphony Chose polyphony because it “inspired religious contemplation”

7 Secular Music Vocal music set to poems Music printing Word painting
Composers imitated bird calls and street sounds Music was a mandatory part of education An important entertainment activity

8 Secular Music, cont. Forms Madrigal
For several solo voices set to a short poem Usually about love Word painting Started in Italy and moved west to England English madrigal lighter and more humorous Composers Carlo Gesualdo (Italy) Thomas Weelkes (England) As Vesta Was Descending

9 As Vesta Was Descending
As Vesta was from Latmos hill descending She spied a maiden queen the same ascending Attended on by all the shepherds swain, To whom Diana’s darlings came running down amain. First two by two, Then three by three together Leaving their goddess all alone, hasted tither And mingling with the shepherds of her train With mirthful tunes her presence entertain. Then sang the shepherds and nymphs of Diana, Long live fair Oriana!

10 Secular Music, cont Forms, cont. Instrumental music
Indoor instruments (harpsichord, organ, lute) Outdoor instruments (sackbut, shawm, recorder) Dancing Gavotte

11 Activity Get with a partner
Read and copy the lyrics to Thomas Weelkes’ Four Arms, Two Necks, and One Wreathing Using the concept of word painting, underline certain words (your choice) and explain what you would do to demonstrate those words through music Each group needs a minimum of 7 underlined words

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