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Music History An Abbreviated History of Western Classical Music An Abbreviated History of Western Classical Music.

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Presentation on theme: "Music History An Abbreviated History of Western Classical Music An Abbreviated History of Western Classical Music."— Presentation transcript:

1 Music History An Abbreviated History of Western Classical Music An Abbreviated History of Western Classical Music

2 Definitions  WESTERN MUSIC  CLASSICAL MUSIC  WESTERN MUSIC  CLASSICAL MUSIC

3 Antiquity  Earliest known Instruments  The Purpose of Music  Communication  Signaling  Religious Ceremony  Entertainment  Earliest known Instruments  The Purpose of Music  Communication  Signaling  Religious Ceremony  Entertainment

4 Ancient Civilizations  Chinese (2000 BC)  Stringed instruments (ch’in)  Pentatonic scale  Egyptians (25th century BC)  Lute, lyre, harp  Hebrews  Shofar (rams horn)  Chinese (2000 BC)  Stringed instruments (ch’in)  Pentatonic scale  Egyptians (25th century BC)  Lute, lyre, harp  Hebrews  Shofar (rams horn)

5 Ancient Civilizations  Greeks (3000 - 30 BC)  Kithara (lyre), aulos  Music for plays and festivals  Romans (1000 BC - 500 AD)  Brass trumpets and horns  Music used for warfare  Greeks (3000 - 30 BC)  Kithara (lyre), aulos  Music for plays and festivals  Romans (1000 BC - 500 AD)  Brass trumpets and horns  Music used for warfare

6 The Middle Ages  Medieval Period  Class system  Nobility  Clergy  peasants  Medieval Period  Class system  Nobility  Clergy  peasants 400 - 1400 AD

7 The Middle Ages Sacred Music  Music of the church  Plainsong (sung in Latin)  Chant (monophonic)  Gregorian Chant  Mass Sacred Music  Music of the church  Plainsong (sung in Latin)  Chant (monophonic)  Gregorian Chant  Mass 400 - 1400 AD

8 The Middle Ages Sacred Music The Mass as a Compositional Form  Composers wrote the music  Text (words, lyrics) from the “ Ordinary” of the Mass (liturgy) Sacred Music The Mass as a Compositional Form  Composers wrote the music  Text (words, lyrics) from the “ Ordinary” of the Mass (liturgy) 36+

9 Sacred Music The Ordinary of the Mass  Kyrie (Lord Have Mercy)  Gloria (Glory to God…)  Credo (Creed)  Sanctus (Holy, Holy, Holy)  Benedictus (Blessed is He..)  Agnus Dei (Lamb of God) The Ordinary of the Mass  Kyrie (Lord Have Mercy)  Gloria (Glory to God…)  Credo (Creed)  Sanctus (Holy, Holy, Holy)  Benedictus (Blessed is He..)  Agnus Dei (Lamb of God) 36+

10 Holy, Holy, Holy

11 Lamb 0f God

12 The Middle Ages Secular Music  Non-religious  Minstrels, Troubadours, Trouvères and Minnesingers  Sung in the common language  String and percussion accompaniments Secular Music  Non-religious  Minstrels, Troubadours, Trouvères and Minnesingers  Sung in the common language  String and percussion accompaniments

13 The Middle Ages Secular Music Adam de la Halle (ca. 1237 - 1287)  Trouvère from France  Composed first musical play “Jeu de Robin et de Marion” Secular Music Adam de la Halle (ca. 1237 - 1287)  Trouvère from France  Composed first musical play “Jeu de Robin et de Marion”

14

15

16 The Renaissance  Great advances in science and math  Copernicus, Galileo  Age of exploration  Great achievements in art  Leonardo da Vinci  Michaelangelo  Great advances in science and math  Copernicus, Galileo  Age of exploration  Great achievements in art  Leonardo da Vinci  Michaelangelo 1400 - 1650

17 The Renaissance And literature William Shakespear And literature William Shakespear 1400 - 1650

18 The Renaissance  Rise of the Middle Class  Reformation (ca. 1500)  Led by Martin Luther  Chorale style (hymn singing by entire congregation)  Rise of the Middle Class  Reformation (ca. 1500)  Led by Martin Luther  Chorale style (hymn singing by entire congregation) 1400 - 1650

19 The Renaissance Sacred Music  Polyphonic vocal music  Motet Gregorian Chant out of favor Sacred Music  Polyphonic vocal music  Motet Gregorian Chant out of favor 1400 - 1650

20 The Renaissance Sacred Music  The Counter Reformation  Palestrina (1525 - 1594) Sacred Music  The Counter Reformation  Palestrina (1525 - 1594) 1400 - 1650

21 Givanni Pierluigi da Palestrina

22 The Renaissance Sacred Music  The Counter Reformation  Palestrina (1525 - 1594)  Kyrie from Missa Papae Marcelli Sacred Music  The Counter Reformation  Palestrina (1525 - 1594)  Kyrie from Missa Papae Marcelli 1400 - 1650

23 The Renaissance Secular Music  Polyphonic vocal music  Madrigals  Instrumental Music Secular Music  Polyphonic vocal music  Madrigals  Instrumental Music 1400 - 1650

24 Instrument Families  Woodwinds  Brass  Strings  Keyboard  percussion  Woodwinds  Brass  Strings  Keyboard  percussion

25 Woodwinds  Double reeds  Shawm  Krummhorn  Whistles and open hole  recorder  flutes  Double reeds  Shawm  Krummhorn  Whistles and open hole  recorder  flutes

26 Shawm

27 Krumhorn

28 Reed and Cap

29 Recorder

30 Family

31 RenaissanceRenaissance Flutes RenaissanceRenaissance Flutes

32 Brass  Cornett (trumpet ancestor)  Sacbut (trombone ancestor)  Serpant (tuba ancestor)  Cornett (trumpet ancestor)  Sacbut (trombone ancestor)  Serpant (tuba ancestor)

33 Muted Cornett

34 Sacbut

35 Serpent

36 Strings  Viols  Harp  Lute  Dulcimer  Viols  Harp  Lute  Dulcimer

37 Viols

38 Viola da Gamba

39 Harp

40 Lute

41 HammeredHammered Dulcimer

42 Dulcimers

43 Keyboards  Spinet  Clavichord SSpinet CClavichord

44 Spinet

45 Clavichord

46

47 Percussion  Drums  frame drums  shell drums  Other  tambourines  finger cymbals DDrums fframe drums sshell drums OOther ttambourines ffinger cymbals

48 Frame Drums

49 Drum or Tambor

50 Tambourines

51 Renaissance Instrumental Music Josquin de Prez (1440 - 1521)

52 Renaissance Instrumental Music Josquin de Prez (1440 - 1521)  Fanfare for Louis XII  shawms  cornetto  sacbut

53 Renaissance Instrumental Music Dance Forms  Pavanne (slow 4/4)  Galliard (fast 3/4)  Allemande (moderato 2/4)  Estampi (collection of dances)

54 Examples of Ars Nova Music Music from this period was the first to add stems to the nuemes, thereby creating our modern system of notation.

55

56 This piece is called “Sumer is icumen in” and is the oldest surviving round.

57 With All of the Advances During the Renaissance, What Was the Most Important?

58 Answer? The invention of the printing press ca. 1450 by Gutenberg Why? The invention of the printing press ca. 1450 by Gutenberg Why?


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