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An Abbreviated History of Western Classical MusicMusic History An Abbreviated History of Western Classical Music
Definitions WESTERN MUSIC CLASSICAL MUSIC
Antiquity Earliest known Instruments The Purpose of MusicCommunication Signaling Religious Ceremony Entertainment
Ancient CivilizationsChinese (2000 BC) Stringed instruments (ch’in) Pentatonic scale Egyptians (25th century BC) Lute, lyre, harp Hebrews Shofar (rams horn)
Ancient CivilizationsGreeks ( BC) Kithara (lyre), aulos Music for plays and festivals Romans (1000 BC AD) Brass trumpets and horns Music used for warfare
The Middle Ages Medieval Period Class system Nobility Clergy peasantsAD Medieval Period Class system Nobility Clergy peasants
The Middle Ages Sacred Music Music of the churchAD Sacred Music Music of the church Plainsong (sung in Latin) Chant (monophonic) Gregorian Chant Mass
The Middle Ages Sacred Music 36+ Composers wrote the musicThe Mass as a Compositional Form Composers wrote the music Text (words, lyrics) from the “Ordinary” of the Mass (liturgy) 36+
Sacred Music The Ordinary of the Mass Kyrie (Lord Have Mercy)Gloria (Glory to God…) Credo (Creed) Sanctus (Holy, Holy, Holy) Benedictus (Blessed is He..) Agnus Dei (Lamb of God) 36+
Holy, Holy, Holy
Lamb 0f God
The Middle Ages Secular Music Non-religiousMinstrels, Troubadours, Trouvères and Minnesingers Sung in the common language String and percussion accompaniments
The Middle Ages Secular Music Trouvère from FranceAdam de la Halle (ca ) Trouvère from France Composed first musical play “Jeu de Robin et de Marion”
The Renaissance Great advances in science and math Age of exploration Great advances in science and math Copernicus, Galileo Age of exploration Great achievements in art Leonardo da Vinci Michaelangelo
The Renaissance And literature William Shakespear
The Renaissance Reformation (ca. 1500) Led by Martin Luther Rise of the Middle Class Reformation (ca. 1500) Led by Martin Luther Chorale style (hymn singing by entire congregation)
The Renaissance Sacred Music Motet Gregorian Chant out of favor Sacred Music Polyphonic vocal music Motet Gregorian Chant out of favor
The Renaissance Sacred Music The Counter Reformation 1400 - 1650Palestrina ( )
Givanni Pierluigi da Palestrina
The Renaissance Sacred Music The Counter Reformation 1400 - 1650Palestrina ( ) Kyrie from Missa Papae Marcelli
The Renaissance Secular Music Madrigals Instrumental Music Secular Music Polyphonic vocal music Madrigals Instrumental Music
Instrument Families Woodwinds Brass Strings Keyboard percussion
Woodwinds Double reeds Whistles and open hole Shawm Krummhorn recorderflutes
Krumhorn Reed and Cap
Brass Cornett (trumpet ancestor) Sacbut (trombone ancestor)Serpant (tuba ancestor)
Strings Viols Harp Lute Dulcimer
Viola da Gamba
Keyboards Spinet Clavichord
Drums frame drums shell drums Other tambourines finger cymbalsPercussion Drums frame drums shell drums Other tambourines finger cymbals
Drum or Tambor
Renaissance Instrumental MusicJosquin de Prez ( )
Renaissance Instrumental MusicJosquin de Prez ( ) Fanfare for Louis XII shawms cornetto sacbut
Renaissance Instrumental MusicDance Forms Pavanne (slow 4/4) Galliard (fast 3/4) Allemande (moderato 2/4) Estampi (collection of dances)
Examples of Ars Nova MusicMusic from this period was the first to add stems to the nuemes, thereby creating our modern system of notation.
This piece is called “Sumer is icumen in” and is the oldest surviving round.
With All of the Advances During the Renaissance, What Was the Most Important?
The invention of the printing press ca. 1450 by Gutenberg Why?Answer? The invention of the printing press ca by Gutenberg Why?
Higher Early Music.
RENAISSANCE REVIEW How much do we know about the Renaissance time period?
Music of the Middle Ages From Gregorian Chant to the Renaissance.
M1104 Music Appreciation Test 1
Music of the Middle Ages From Gregorian Chant to the Renaissance Copyright © Frankel Consulting Services, Inc.
The Renaissance Era Audio Clip is Bovicelli 1400 – 1600 “Rebirth”
Music History The Renaissance (rebirth).
Renaissance Music. Sacred vs. Secular Music was divided into two entities: Sacred Music Secular Music What is the difference?
MUSIC IN THE MIDDLE AGES. rt and music were critical aspects of medieval religious life and, towards the end of the Middle Ages, secular life as well.
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved McGraw-Hill The World of Music 6 th edition Part 4 Listening to Western Classical Music Chapter.
Medieval Period - Continued Polyphony The combination of two or more simultaneous melodic lines. Helped bring about meters and precise notation.
Medieval and Renaissance
Medieval & Renaissance. Medieval Church Music 800 – 1400 Plainchant/Plainsong The earliest written down music, sung in churches by monks & priests
A Rebirth of Knowledge Renaissance means rebirth. This period saw a rebirth in knowledge. The Renaissance was turning from God to man. Science and.
Chapter 3: Secular Music GET BOOKS TODAY Get in your presentation groups and discuss the following topic. Be prepared to present your group’s thoughts/ideas.
The Renaissance ( ).
Palestrina WHAT ARE WE LEARNING TODAY? Learn about Composers in the Renaissance Period Learn about the importance of Sacred Music in the Renaissance.
Characteristics In Renaissance music, rhythm is more a gentle flow than a sharply defined beat Each melodic line has great rhythmic independence
Medieval and Renaissance Music. Learning Intentions/Success Criteria Today we will… Examine music from the Renaissance period Develop our understanding.
Medieval and Renaissance Music
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