Presentation on theme: "A Rebirth of Knowledge Renaissance means rebirth. This period saw a rebirth in knowledge. The Renaissance was turning from God to man. Science and."— Presentation transcript:
1 A Rebirth of KnowledgeRenaissance means rebirth. This period saw a rebirth in knowledge. The Renaissance was turning from God to man. Science and the arts were becoming more important. Christopher Columbus discovered AmericaMichelangelo was painting the Sistine ChapelWilliam Shakespeare was writinghis famous playsSecular (non-religious)music was becoming morepopular. Therewas a rise in instrumental and dance music.
2 The printing press was invented during the Renaissance The printing press was invented during the Renaissance. Some people consider this to be the most important contribution to civilization in the last thousand years! It allowed music to be printed quickly - before then, it had to be copied by hand. One of the most famous people from the Renaissance was Leonardo da Vinci. He was known as a Renaissance man because he could do many things well. He was a painter, architect, inventor, scientist, poet, musician and teacher.
3 A Cappella: The Golden Age of Singing The golden age of the a cappella style Singers sang without instrumentsVocal music was still more important than instrumental musicMadrigals were popular: song forms performed in groups of four, five, or six singers. A madrigal is secular (non-religious) music. Madrigals were usually love songs. (Extract: Fair Phyllis)
4 Fair PhyllisA madrigal by the English composer John Farmer, published in 1599 and sung a cappella styleA polyphonic work (many musical lines of equal importance)This piece is sung with 4 voices using some imitation (the voices take turns singing the same melody)Uses clever word painting
5 Word paintingA technique in which the composer seeks to try to musically ‘paint’ the words of the text - the music illustrates the meaning of a particular word. E.g. the word ‘shake’ might be illustrated by trills or running by descending scales.The story of the music was often reflected in the sound: death or sadness by a minor key and discords, and happiness by a bright major key and a dance-like style.
6 In the opening line:"Fair Phyllis I saw sitting all alone"only the soprano sings, since she was all alone.In the next line:"Feeding her flock near to the mountain side",all the voices sang since it was her flock.In the second phrase:"Up and down he wandered…then they fell a- kissing"repeats cause the elusion of ‘kissing up and down’.
7 The song describes a person who saw a young shepherdess sitting alone feeding her sheep near a mountain. The other shepherds did not know where she was at the time. Her boyfriend, Amyntas, goes looking for her and wanders through the hills playing hide and seek. Eventually he finds her and when he does, they kiss.Fair Phyllis I saw sitting all alone Feeding her flock near to the mountain side. The shepherds knew not, they knew not whither she was gone, But after her lover Amyntas hide, Up and down he wandered whilst she was missing; When he found her, O then they fell a-kissing
8 Religious music was still very important: * Choral music was an extension of the Gregorian chant. It was sung a cappella and in Latin* Motets were popular (polyphonic works) with four or five voice parts singing one religious text Giovanni Palestrina was considered one of the great masters of Renaissance music. He was an Italian who wrote mostly religious works. He wrote motets, madrigals, and masses.
9 The musical mass* An important part of the Catholic Church's religious service* Each part of the celebration had a different musical number* Sung in LatinThe order in which the music would be performed:Kyrie (means God) Gloria (means glory)Credo (means creed or belief)Sanctus (means Holy) Benedictus (means blessed)Agnus Dei (means Lamb of God)
10 Remember the Three M's: Madrigal, Motet and Mass a polyphonic work (has many musical lines of equal importance)sung with lots of imitation (the voices take turns singing the same melody)performed in groups of four, five, or six singerssecular (non-religious) music usually love songsMoteta polyphonic workusually religious worksMasslike a motet, only longerfollows the religious service of the Catholic Churchsung in a very specific order: Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, Benedictus, and Agnus Deiperformed in Latin
11 Anthemreligious musicperformed in the reformed or protestant church After the Reformation of the church, started by Martin Luther in Germany in 1517, music for the reformed church started to appear about 50 years later. Listen to this example of an English anthem, ‘Hosanna to the Son of David’ by Orlando Gibbons. Notice the polyphonic, a cappella style of the composition and the imitative entries through all the voices.Most of the music of the Renaissance was polyphonic, but something new was being heard.