2RenaissanceA style of music from the period from about 1450 to 1600, i.e. pre Baroque.
3This term was used before the development of major and minor keys. Before continuing with this unit an important melodic and harmonic issue to note is:-Modes and ModalIn the Renaissance period it was normal to speak about modes or music being modal.This term was used before the development of major and minor keys.Although you do not need to name them the different modes are outlined for you below.
6Also known as plainsong and Gregorian Chant. PlainchantAlso known as plainsong and Gregorian Chant.Audio clipUnaccompanied melody set to words of the RomanCatholic liturgy, such as the Mass.Plainchants are modal and have no regular metre.They follow the rhythm of the Latin words.
7The Mass Features of the Mass include:- A sacred choral work using the Six main sections of the Roman Catholic church liturgy.Features of the Mass include:-Latin text and polyphonic texture.In the Renaissance usually sung a capella.Post Renaissance a large-scale work for chorus, soloists and orchestra.
8The Six main parts of the Mass can be recognised by their words. The sections are:-Kyrie – “Kyrie eleison; Christe eleison; Kyrie eleison”Audio clipGloria – “Gloria in excelsis Deo”Audio clipCredo – “Credo in unum Deum”Audio clipSanctus – “Sanctus, Sanctus, Sanctus, Dominus Deus Sabaoth ”Audio clipBenedictus – “Benedictus qui venit in nomine Domini”Audio clipAgnus Dei – “Agnus Dei, qui tollis peccata mundi”Audio clip
9MotetIn the Renaissance era this was a sacred choral work with Latin text.It normally has a polyphonic texture.It was usually sung A cappella.Audio clipAudio clip
11Renaissance vocal works can be split in to two categories . They are detailed below.Song typeSecular(non-religious)MadrigalProperBallettAyre(Air(Religious(non-secular)Anthem
12Madrigal Proper Non-religious text in English Audio clipAudio clipNon-religious text in EnglishElements of homophony and polyphonyUse of imitationUse of word paintingThrough-composed musicUsually A cappella
13BallettAudio clipAudio clipA type of madrigal in strophic form which was originally danced to.It features a fa-la-la refrain at the end of each verse.Strophic FormEnglish non-religious textA capella
14Ayre (Air) Normally strophic form English non-religious text Audio clipAn ayre (air or song) is a madrigal which can be performed by a solo voicewith lute accompaniment; by solo voice accompanied by otherinstruments; or with all parts sung by voices with accompaniment.Audio clipNormally strophic formEnglish non-religious textUsually accompanied
15Anthem The anthem is the Protestant equivalent of the Motet. Audio clipAudio clipThe anthem is the Protestant equivalent of the Motet.It is a short sacred choral piece sung in English.Either a cappella or accompanied and featuring solo parts.
17Pavane A Renaissance court dance normally followed by a Galliard. Audio clipA Renaissance court dancenormally followed by a Galliard.The pavan is slow and statelywith two beats in the bar.Normally performed on eitherHarpsichord, lute or viols.
18Galliard A Renaissance court dance which follows the Pavan. Audio clipA Renaissance court dancewhich follows the Pavan.A galliard is quick and livelywith three beats in a bar.Normally performed on eitherHarpsichord, lute or viols.