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Higher Early Music. Renaissance A style of music from the period from about 1450 to 1600, i.e. pre Baroque.

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Presentation on theme: "Higher Early Music. Renaissance A style of music from the period from about 1450 to 1600, i.e. pre Baroque."— Presentation transcript:

1 Higher Early Music

2 Renaissance A style of music from the period from about 1450 to 1600, i.e. pre Baroque.

3 Modes and Modal In the Renaissance period it was normal to speak about modes or music being modal. This term was used before the development of major and minor keys. Although you do not need to name them the different modes are outlined for you below. Before continuing with this unit an important melodic and harmonic issue to note is:-

4 Vocal Music

5 Latin Word Setting

6 Plainchant Also known as plainsong and Gregorian Chant. Unaccompanied melody set to words of the Roman Catholic liturgy, such as the Mass. Plainchants are modal and have no regular metre. They follow the rhythm of the Latin words. Audio clip

7 The Mass A sacred choral work using the Six main sections of the Roman Catholic church liturgy. Features of the Mass include:- Latin text and polyphonic texture. In the Renaissance usually sung a capella. Post Renaissance a large-scale work for chorus, soloists and orchestra.

8 The Six main parts of the Mass can be recognised by their words. The sections are:- Kyrie – Kyrie eleison; Christe eleison; Kyrie eleison Gloria – Gloria in excelsis Deo Credo – Credo in unum Deum Sanctus – Sanctus, Sanctus, Sanctus, Dominus Deus Sabaoth Benedictus – Benedictus qui venit in nomine Domini Agnus Dei – Agnus Dei, qui tollis peccata mundi Audio clip

9 Motet In the Renaissance era this was a sacred choral work with Latin text. It normally has a polyphonic texture. It was usually sung A cappella. Audio clip

10 English Word Setting

11 Renaissance vocal works can be split in to two categories. They are detailed below. Song type Secular (non-religious) Madrigal Proper Ballett Ayre (Air( Religious (non-secular) Anthem

12 Madrigal Proper Non-religious text in English Elements of homophony and polyphony Use of imitation Use of word painting Through-composed music Usually A cappella Audio clip

13 Ballett A type of madrigal in strophic form which was originally danced to. It features a fa-la-la refrain at the end of each verse. Strophic Form English non-religious text A capella Audio clip

14 Ayre (Air) An ayre (air or song) is a madrigal which can be performed by a solo voice with lute accompaniment; by solo voice accompanied by other instruments; or with all parts sung by voices with accompaniment. Normally strophic form English non-religious text Usually accompanied Audio clip

15 Anthem The anthem is the Protestant equivalent of the Motet. It is a short sacred choral piece sung in English. Either a cappella or accompanied and featuring solo parts. Audio clip

16 Instrumental Music

17 Pavane A Renaissance court dance normally followed by a Galliard. The pavan is slow and stately with two beats in the bar. Normally performed on either Harpsichord, lute or viols. Audio clip

18 Galliard A Renaissance court dance which follows the Pavan. A galliard is quick and lively with three beats in a bar. Normally performed on either Harpsichord, lute or viols. Audio clip

19 Instruments

20 Consort A small group of instruments of the same family playing together, e.g. a consort of viols. Audio clip

21 Viols The early version of modern day string family Audio clip

22 Lute A renaissance instrument similar to the guitar Audio clip

23 Recorders Audio clip

24 Other Features

25 Hemiola A rhythmic device giving the impression of a piece of music changing from duple (2) to triple (3) time, or vice versa Audio clip

26 Antiphonal Dialogue between voices or instruments – one group of voices or instruments answers the other. Audio clip


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