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Medieval and Renaissance

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Presentation on theme: "Medieval and Renaissance"— Presentation transcript:

1 Medieval and Renaissance
Early Music Medieval and Renaissance

2 Some basic concepts Sacred vs. secular Vocal vs. instrumental
Sacred – music written for religious purposes or with religious themes Secular – music of a more worldly nature Vocal vs. instrumental Vocal – uses one or more voices; with or without accompanying instruments Instrumental – uses only instruments; no voices

3 Medieval Also called the Dark Ages Dark Ages philosophy
People are sinful Deserve to lead miserable lives

4 Medieval culture and society
Feudal system was prominent Rich land owners (powerful lords & land owners) Poor peasants (no power) Church (Catholic) was dominant

5 Sacred Medieval Music Mass was main form of music
Both worship and composed in general Sung in Latin Divided into two parts Proper – lyrics changed with the theme Ordinary – lyrics remained the same

6 5 parts of the ordinary mass
Gloria Credo Sanctus Kyrie Agnus dei The lyrics of these sections have been lifted and used in more secular settings

7 Gregorian chant Named after Pope Gregory Vocal only – no instruments
Sung in Latin Monophonic texture Everyone plays or sings the same single melody line with no accompaniment No set meter – follow rhythm of the text Text painting Internet Extra Credit

8 Secular Medieval Music
Mostly vocal – little instrumental Minstrels / troubadors – love songs Motets More complicated Polyphonic texture Different parts sung at the same time Early experiments Beginnings of harmony

9 Medieval music summary
More sacred than secular More vocal than instrumental


11 Renaissance 1450 – 1600 (approximately)
Great discovery, rebirth, & rethinking Began shift to secular outlook on life Focus on life on earth, rather than the afterlife

12 Culture and society England and Italy were centers of culture Humanism
New philosophy (we’re not so bad) Arts and sciences flourished

13 Leonardo di Vinci Artist and scientist

14 Michelangelo

15 Explorations pushed the envelope of thinking and discovery
Christopher Columbus Vasco de Gamma Magellan

16 Printing press invented
Middle class emerges Merchants Trade from far off lands (explorers) Printing press invented First music published in 1501 in Venice Made music more available to middle class

17 Reformation Martin Luther Broke away from Catholic church
Start of Protestant denominations Services in native language Simple congregational hymn or chorale Sung in native language Set off Counter-Reformation Reactions of Catholic church Allowed instruments in worship

18 Sacred Renaissance Music
Reformation brought simple hymns Chorale Counter-Reformation allowed instruments Gabrielli – brass Antiphony – early “stereo” Mass was still important Palestrina important composer

19 Renaissance Secular Music
New forms for songs / compositions Vocal madrigal Lively, often bawdy Monteverdi, Morely (3 M’s) Ballett English composition “fa-la-la-la-la”

20 Important part of everyday life Middle class entertained with music
Competed for largest group of musicians Printed music now available Guests and host would sing or play after meals (consorts)

21 Beginnings of patronage system
System by which musicians could earn a living Composers, singers, instrumentalists Could not work independently Employed by the church, royalty, or wealthy family (this will last for many, many years to come)

22 Instrumental music began to grow
Consorts – groups of instruments built in different sizes but were really the same instrument Viols and recorders Dance music Galliard – lively, quick Pavane – slow and stately

23 Music Summary Wide use of 4-part polyphony
Polyphonic texture Different melodies at the same time Increase in secular – still more sacred Increase in instrumental – still more vocal Compared to Medieval

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