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Early Music Medieval and Renaissance. Some basic concepts Sacred vs. secular –Sacred – music written for religious purposes or with religious themes –Secular.

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Presentation on theme: "Early Music Medieval and Renaissance. Some basic concepts Sacred vs. secular –Sacred – music written for religious purposes or with religious themes –Secular."— Presentation transcript:

1 Early Music Medieval and Renaissance

2 Some basic concepts Sacred vs. secular –Sacred – music written for religious purposes or with religious themes –Secular – music of a more worldly nature Vocal vs. instrumental –Vocal – uses one or more voices; with or without accompanying instruments –Instrumental – uses only instruments; no voices

3 Medieval Also called the Dark Ages –Dark Ages philosophy –People are sinful –Deserve to lead miserable lives

4 Medieval culture and society Feudal system was prominent –Rich land owners (powerful lords & land owners) –Poor peasants (no power) Church (Catholic) was dominant

5 Sacred Medieval Music Mass was main form of music –Both worship and composed in general –Sung in Latin Divided into two parts –Proper – lyrics changed with the theme –Ordinary – lyrics remained the same

6 5 parts of the ordinary mass –Gloria –Credo –Sanctus –Kyrie –Agnus dei –The lyrics of these sections have been lifted and used in more secular settings

7 Gregorian chant –Named after Pope Gregory –Vocal only – no instruments –Sung in Latin –Monophonic texture Everyone plays or sings the same single melody line with no accompaniment –No set meter – follow rhythm of the text Text painting Internet Extra Credit

8 Secular Medieval Music Mostly vocal – little instrumental Minstrels / troubadors – love songs Motets –More complicated –Polyphonic texture Different parts sung at the same time Early experiments Beginnings of harmony

9 Medieval music summary –More sacred than secular –More vocal than instrumental

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11 Renaissance 1450 – 1600 (approximately) Great discovery, rebirth, & rethinking Began shift to secular outlook on life –Focus on life on earth, rather than the afterlife

12 Culture and society –England and Italy were centers of culture –Humanism New philosophy (we’re not so bad) –Arts and sciences flourished

13 Leonardo di Vinci –Artist and scientist

14 Michelangelo

15 Explorations pushed the envelope of thinking and discovery –Christopher Columbus –Vasco de Gamma –Magellan

16 Middle class emerges –Merchants –Trade from far off lands (explorers) Printing press invented –First music published in 1501 in Venice –Made music more available to middle class

17 Reformation –Martin Luther –Broke away from Catholic church Start of Protestant denominations –Services in native language –Simple congregational hymn or chorale Sung in native language –Set off Counter-Reformation Reactions of Catholic church Allowed instruments in worship

18 Sacred Renaissance Music Reformation brought simple hymns –Chorale Counter-Reformation allowed instruments –Gabrielli – brass –Antiphony – early “stereo” Mass was still important –Palestrina important composer

19 Renaissance Secular Music New forms for songs / compositions Vocal madrigal –Lively, often bawdy –Monteverdi, Morely (3 M’s) Ballett –English composition –“fa-la-la-la-la”

20 Important part of everyday life Middle class entertained with music –Competed for largest group of musicians –Printed music now available –Guests and host would sing or play after meals (consorts)

21 Beginnings of patronage system –System by which musicians could earn a living –Composers, singers, instrumentalists –Could not work independently –Employed by the church, royalty, or wealthy family (this will last for many, many years to come)

22 Instrumental music began to grow –Consorts – groups of instruments built in different sizes but were really the same instrument –Viols and recorders –Dance music Galliard – lively, quick Pavane – slow and stately

23 Music Summary Wide use of 4-part polyphony –Polyphonic texture Different melodies at the same time Increase in secular – still more sacred Increase in instrumental – still more vocal –Compared to Medieval


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