2 Music History D. Renaissance --- 1400 - 1600 AD 1. The definition of Renaissance is “REBIRTH”*The most important invention during this time was the printing press; this provided an easier way for writers and composers to work2. Sacred Musica. motet-The most important musical form of the Renaissance.-This is the new name for polyphony-Motets included up to four different vocal parts, and,sometimes, they each had different words!!“O Magnum Mysterium” Thomas Victoria
3 Music History D. Renaissance --- 1400 - 1600 AD 2. Sacred Music (continued)b. Catholic Mass-This style of music is sung during the weekly Catholicreligious service known as the mass.-music uses polyphony like motet, but the bigdifference is in the words that are used. (The massalways uses the same words)KyrieGloriaOrder of the mass:CredoSanctusAgnus Dei
4 Music History D. Renaissance --- 1400 - 1600 AD 3. Secular Music Secular music sounded a lot like sacred music-The most common subject for secular music wasLOVE!!!!b. Chanson --- French secular songsc. Madrigal --- Italian secular songsd. English Madrigal --- English secular songs
5 Music History D. Renaissance --- 1400 - 1600 AD 4. The Reformation a. The Catholic church becomes “reformed”Several religious leaders break away from the Catholicchurch to form new “denominations”-Martin Luther - believed that all of the singing shouldbe in the COMMON LANGUAGE (from Germany)
6 Music History D. Renaissance --- 1400 - 1600 AD 5. Instrumental Music a. Mostly music for dancing at parties.b. two most popular keyboard instruments were theorgan and the harpsichord.c. most common household instrument was the lute.d. The violin became an important instrument; The mostfamous violin builder was Antonio Stradivari
7 Music History D. Renaissance --- 1400 - 1600 AD 6. Important Composers a. Josquin des Prez-wrote both motets and masses-from Franceb. Giovanni Palestrina-wrote mostly motets-from Italyc. Tomas Luis de Victoria-wrote mostly motets-from Spain
8 Music History D. Renaissance --- 1400 - 1600 AD 7. One Transitional Composera. Claudio Monteverdi-from Italy-began by writing secular madrigals-later in his life, he helped invent OPERA byadding music to dramatic productions on stage.-most famous opera: L’Orfeo
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